Faith in Moderation: Islamist Parties in Jordan and Yemen
Cambridge University Press, Jun 19, 2006 - Political Science - 252 pages
Does political inclusion produce ideological moderation? Schwedler argues that examining political behaviour alone provides insufficient evidence of moderation because it leaves open the possibility that political actors might act as if they are moderate while harbouring radical agendas. Through a comparative study of the Islamic Action Front party in Jordan and the Islah party in Yemen, she argues that the IAF in Jordan has become more moderate through participation in pluralist political processes, while the Islah party has not. The variation is explained in part by internal group organization and decision-making processes, but particularly by the ways in which the IAF has been able to justify its new pluralist practices on Islamic terms while the Islah party has not. Based on nearly four years of field research in Jordan and Yemen, Schwedler contributes both an important theory of ideological moderation and detail about these powerful Islamist political parties.
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1997 elections agendas al-Zindani Amman Arab argue assembly Boulby cabinet candidates Chapter coalition conﬂict consultative council debate democracy democratic deputies dimensions economic electoral emerged explore Farhan ﬁeld ﬁrst formal Hashid ical ideological inclusion-moderation hypothesis inﬂuence initiated Interview with author Islah leaders Islah party Islamic Islamist Islamist groups Islamist parties Israel issues Jordan and Yemen Jordanian King Hussein Leftist lower house Muslim Broth Muslim Brotherhood leaders Muslim Brotherhood members nonstate North O’Donnell ofﬁces ofﬁcial opportunity structures opposition groups organization Palestinian parliament participation particularly parties law party’s pluralist political actors political contestation political elite political liberalization political parties position practices President Salih Prime Minister prominent public political space radical reﬂected reforms regime regime’s relations role ruling elite Saudi Arabia scholars seats secretary-general Shaykh Abd Allah signiﬁcant social socialist South Yemen speciﬁc strategic support base tion transitions literature uniﬁcation vote Wedeen Zaydi