## Fisica Dei Sistemi Complessi: Nuovi Sviluppi E ProspettiveFranco Mallamace, Harry Eugene Stanley, Società italiana di fisica It is widely known that complex systems and complex materials comprise a major interdisciplinary scientific field that draws on mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, and medicine as well as such social sciences as economics. The role of statistical physics in this new field has been expanding. Statistical physics has shown how phenomena and processes in different research areas that have long been assumed to be unrelated can have a common description. Through the application of statistical physics, methods developed for studying order phenomena in simple systems and processes have been generalized to more complex systems. The two conceptual pillars in this approach are scaling and universality. This volume focuses on recent advances and perspectives in the physics of complex systems and provides both an overview of the field and a more detailed examination of the new ideas and unsolved problems that are currently attracting the attention of researchers. This book should be a useful reference work for anyone interested in this area, whether beginning graduate student or advanced research professional. It provides up-to-date reviews on cutting-edge topics compiled by leading authorities and is designed to both broaden the readers competence within their own field and encourage the exploration of new problems in related fields. |

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### Contents

MORREL H COHEN Remembering Fermi | 1 |

N BORGH1 F BROCHARDWYART E KARATEKIN and I DERéNYi | 3 |

Discussion | 7 |

K BINDER Statistical mechanics of undercooled fluids and the glass tran | 17 |

model for polymers | 30 |

effects | 56 |

BLUM and O BERNARD Analytical theory of polyelectrolytes | 67 |

Conclusion | 74 |

Final remarks | 250 |

76 | 287 |

Virus buckling and grain bound | 365 |

E SHAKHNOVICH Protein folding yesterday today and tomorrow | 375 |

K A MüLLER Essential heterogeneities in holedoped cuprate supercon | 395 |

320 | 401 |

T SCHNEIDER The mystery of superconductivity in the cuprates evinced | 403 |

330 | 432 |

155 | 82 |

SowHSIN CHEN WEIREN CHEN and F MALLAMACE Study of | 83 |

E J R PARTELI and H J HERRMANN A simple model for a transverse | 84 |

H KATSURAGI D SUGINO and H HONJO Multiscaling of 2D impact | 91 |

A CONIGLIO A DE CANDIA A FIERRO M NICODEMI M PICA CIA | 109 |

169 | 144 |

67 | 210 |

TSALLIS F BALDOVIN R CERBINO and P PIEROBON Introduction | 229 |

H WADA Y MURAYAMA and M SANO Simple model for mechanical | 239 |

74 | 240 |

Applications | 243 |

126 | 447 |

O CAMPAs J F JoANNY and J PROST Actinbased motility of droplets | 455 |

structural properties of dilute aqueous solutions of rare gases from ambient | 501 |

LEANDRO LANZI M CARLA C M C GAMBI and LEONARDO LANZI | 507 |

P F N FAſsCA M M TELO DA GAMA and R C BALL Protein folding | 515 |

A KIMMEL V LADYANOV and I GUSENKOV Molecular dynamic inves | 521 |

128 | 529 |

A CAVALLO M MüLLER and K BINDER Monte Carlo simulations | 531 |

Theory of electrolytes | 542 |

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approach atoms average becomes behavior calculated collisions colors configuration consider constant container continuum correlation corresponding critical defined density dependence described discussion distribution dynamics effective energy entropy equations experiment experimental field flow fluid folding force fraction function given glass glass transition grains granular granular media important increases indicate inelastic intensity interactions interest introduced lattice layer length limit liquid materials mean measured mechanics method molecular observed obtained occurs oscillating parameter particles patterns peak phase Phys physical plate plot polymer position possible potential predicted present probability problem properties protein random range regime region relation relaxation scale shock shown shows similar simple simulations solid solution square static statistical structure surface temperature theory transition volume fraction wall wave zero