A concise history and analysis of all the principal styles of architecture, by an amateur [E. Boid.].

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Page 17 - Egypt will be found to be copied hero, frequently exhibiting the most delicate and minute parts of the plant, such as the petals...
Page 144 - ... Gloucester. NOTES AND EXTRACTS ILLUSTRATIVE OF THE THIRD DISCOURSE. [A] page 130.—" Like every other human art, which on attaining the summit of perfection tends gradually towards its decline, so did Gothick architecture now begin to retrograde from the purity, the elegance, and grandeur, which distinguished it during the whole period of the second style. " Towards the end of the fourteenth century, innumerable innovations were made, both with regard to form and decoration, which broke the...
Page 9 - Nile began to swell in the months of July and August, when the sun passes through the signs Leo (the lion) and Virgo (the virgin). As the fertility of their country entirely depended on these annual inundations, we may ! easily suppose that this hieroglyphic was looked upon with a sort of reverence amongst them.
Page 16 - ... modes of shoeing peculiar to those times. In the case of a column the general form was copied from that of the trunk of a tree, the fluted surface was suggested by the indentations of the bark, the smooth surface by trunks stripped of the bark. On some of the Egyptian columns may be seen represented the whole plant of the lotus, palm, or papyrus, whose calyx flower or tuft of leaves, bound together at the pinnacle, form the capital. Nearly all the flowers and leaves peculiar to Egypt will be...
Page 169 - England built in imitation of the round church of the Holy Sepulchre at Jerusalem, the others being at Cambridge, Northampton, and Maplestead, in Essex.
Page 95 - ... exceedingly difficult to define, on account of that endless variety of form which everywhere prevails. Their columns are slender and variously formed, and are employed generally to support low arcades: the shafts are short and thin ; plain, or ornamented with lines in perpendicular or spiral grooves: the capitals are either imitations of the Grecian orders, or formed of foliage variously disposed, and crowned with a plain abacus. In Saracenic architecture we always find large numbers of thesB...
Page 140 - Doors, on account of the walls being less massy, are not so deeply recessed ; but on a larger scale, more highly finished, and formed of more graceful arches, surmounted with triangular pediments, whose tympanums, as well as the piers below, are loaded with a variety of little figures and subjects, from scriptural history, sculptured in basso or mezzo relievo.
Page 115 - ... the latter part of the eleventh to the middle of the twelfth century, door-ways exhibited all the elaborate ornamental workmanship practised by the Normans. The great thickness of the walls required the door-cases to be very deeply moulded, and invariably surmounted by semicircular arches, of which there were several rows supported by a corresponding succession of columns along the whole depth of the wall. New ornaments were introduced, such as triple and quadruple cheveron work, billet, crenellated...
Page 16 - Dorians seems to have originated, — and others representing bundles of reeds, or the whole plant of the papyrus bound together at different distances, ornamented at the base with palm-leaves.
Page 15 - ... were ornamented with hieroglyphics and symbolical figures, while the ceilings of the porticos exhibited zodiacs and celestial planispheres. The temples of Egypt were generally without roofs, and, consequently, the interior colonnades had no pediments, supporting merely an entablature, composed of only architrave, frieze, and cornice, formed of immense blocks united without cement and ornamented with hieroglyphics.

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