The Later Works, 1925-1953: 1925
John Dewey's Experience and Nature has been considered the fullest expression of his mature philosophy since its eagerly awaited publication in 1925. Irwin Edman wrote at that time that "with monumental care, detail and completeness, Professor Dewey has in this volume revealed the metaphysical heart that beats its unvarying alert tempo through all his writings, whatever their explicit themes." In his introduction to this volume, Sidney Hook points out that "Dewey's Experience and Nature is both the most suggestive and most difficult of his writings." The meticulously edited text published here as the first volume in the series The Later Works of John Dewey, 1925-1953 spans that entire period in Dewey's thought by including two important and previously unpublished documents from the book's history: Dewey's unfinished new introduction written between 1947 and 1949, edited by the late Joseph Ratner, and Dewey's unedited final draft of that introduction written the year before his death. In the intervening years Dewey realized the impossibility of making his use of the word 'experience' understood. He wrote in his 1951 draft for a new introduction: "Were I to write (or rewrite) Experience and Nature today I would entitle the book Culture and Nature and the treatment of specific subject-matters would be correspondingly modified. I would abandon the term 'experience' because of my growing realization that the historical obstacles which prevented understanding of my use of 'experience' are, for all practical purposes, insurmountable. I would substitute the term 'culture' because with its meanings as now firmly established it can fully and freely carry my philosophy of experience."
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Existence as Precarious and as Stable
3 Nature Ends and Histories
4 Nature Means and Knowledge
5 Nature Communication and Meaning
Nature Mind and the Subject
7 Nature Life and BodyMind
Existence Ideas and Consciousness
9 Experience Nature and Art
IO Existence Value and Criticism
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action activity actual affairs animal antecedent Aristotle asserted aware become belief causal character cognitive common conception connection consciousness conse consequences consummatory contingent criticism culture defined denotes Descartes Dewey Dewey's dialectic direct discourse distinction doctrine dualism effect empirical method empiricism ence ends enjoyment essence esthetic exis existence existential Experience and Nature experienced external fact function Greek hence human ideal ideas immediate implications individual inquiry instrumental intellectual intelligence interac interaction intrinsic involved Irwin Edman John Dewey language logical material matter meanings mental metaphysics mind modern modes moral natural events notion occur operations organic particular Paul Carus perception philosophy physical possession present problem psychological qualities quences reality realm reflection relations rience sense sentiency Sidney Hook significant situation social subject-matter subjectivism teleology tence theory things thinkers thinking thought tion traits truth universe of discourse word