Natural Resources and Social Conflict: Towards Critical Environmental Security

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Palgrave Macmillan, Mar 2, 2012 - Political Science - 247 pages
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The authors challenge prevailing claims about environmental security by reorienting our understanding of the relationship between natural resources and political violence towards one focused on environmental insecurity. This critical environmental security approach begins with analytical questions that are often left out of studies premised on maintaining conditions of security. Whose security is being secured? Who defines conditions of security? How do changing degrees of control and access over the environment contribute to insecurity? The issue of how security reflects broader patterns of political struggle and social control are underscored through empirically grounded, context-specific studies. The contributors encourage new ways of thinking about environmental security by privileging alternative conceptions and understandings that focus on rights, justice and access. They provide the first steps toward articulating a critical analysis of environmental security that dislodges the state as the preferred level of analysis and questions key assumptions that underlie much of the existing literature.
 

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Contents

1 Towards Critical Environmental Security
1
2 What Are We Really Looking For? From EcoViolence to Environmental Injustice
15
3 Climatic Security and the Tipping Point Conception of the Earth System
33
ReTheorizing Human Security and Environmental Change in Developed States
63
StateCentric Narratives Human Insecurities
83
Assessing the Options
108
7 Sexual Violence Coltan and the Democratic Republic of Congo
128
Security at the End of the Fossil Fuel Age?
152
Resistance and Criminalization on a New Energy Frontier
170
Trading Social Benefits for Environmental Costs and Localized Vulnerability
193
The InSecurity of Everyday Life in Aamjiwnaang
215
Ecoviolence Security Geopolitics
237
Index
244
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About the author (2012)

CHRIS ARSENAULT Journalist, Al Jazeera English PETER ARTHUR Associate Professor of Political Science and International Development Studies, Dalhousie University, Canada ANGELA CARTER Assistant Professor of Political Science and Environmental Studies, Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada SIMON DALBY Professor of Geography, Environmental Studies and Political Economy, Carleton University, Canada WILFRID GREAVES PhD candidate, Munk School of Global Affairs and the Department of Political Science, University of Toronto, Canada PHILIPPE LE BILLON Associate Professor, Department of Geography and the Liu Institute for Global Issues, University of British Columbia, Canada SHANE MULLIGAN Consultant with renewable energy co-operatives, Canada CHRIS RUSSILL Associate Professor, School of Journalism and Communication, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada PETER STOETT Professor of Global Politics, Department of Political Science, Concordia University, Canada SHELLY WHITMAN Deputy Director, Centre for Foreign Policy Studies, Dalhousie University, Canada SARAH WIEBE PhD candidate in Canadian Politics and Public Policy, School of Political Studies, University of Ottawa, Canada