Measuring Health: A Guide to Rating Scales and Questionnaires

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Oxford University Press, Mar 9, 2006 - Medical - 768 pages
Worldwide economic constraints on health care systems have highlighted the importance of evidence-based medicine and evidence-based health policy. The resulting clinical trials and health services research studies require instruments to monitor the outcomes of care and the output of the health system. However, the over-abundance of competing measurement scales can make choosing a measure difficult at best. Measuring Health provides in-depth reviews of over 100 of the leading health measurement tools and serves as a guide for choosing among them.LNow in its third edition, this book provides a critical overview of the field of health measurement, with a technical introduction and discussion of the history and future directions for the field. This latest edition updates the information on each of the measures previously reviewed, and includes a complete new chapter on anxiety measurement to accompany the one on depression. It has also added new instruments to those previously reviewed in each of the chapters in the book.LChapters cover measurements of physical disability, social health, psychological well-being, anxiety, depression, mental status testing, pain, general health status and quality of life. Each chapter presents a tabular comparison of the quality of the instruments reviewed, followed by a detailed description of each method, covering its purpose and conceptual basis, its reliability and validity and, where possible, shows a copy of the actual scale. To ensure accuracy of the information, each review has been approved by the original author of each instrument or by an acknowledged expert.

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List of Exhibits
The Theoretical and Technical Foundations of Health
Physical Disability and Handicap
List of Exhibits
3 The Barthel Index
6 Scoring for the 15Item Modified Barthel Index
7 The Index of Independence in Activities of Daily
9 The Sister Kenny Institute SelfCare Evaluation
11 The Social Adjustment ScaleSelfReport
12 Structure and Content of the Social
13 The Social Dysfunction Rating Scale
14 Scope of the SSIAM Showing Arrangement
Psychological Wellbeing
1 An Example of a TwoDimensional Conceptual
3 Main Variants of the Health Opinion Survey

10 The Physical Selfmaintenance Scale
12 The Disability Interview Schedule
15 The Functional Status Rating System
16 The Rapid Disability Rating Scale2
17 The Functional Status Index
19 The Functional Activities Questionnaire
21 The Medical Outcomes Study Physical
Social Health
1 Format of the Social Relationship Scale
3 The RAND Social Health Battery
7 The Duke Social Support and Stress Scale
9 Example of a Section from the Social Functioning
10 Example of an Item from the Interview Schedule
4 Langers TwentyTwo Item Screening Score
5 The Affect Balance Scale
6 The Positive and Negative Affect Scale
7 The Life Satisfaction Index
8 The Philadelphia Geriatric Center Morale Scale
9 The General WellBeing Schedule
Mental Status Testing
Pain Measurements
General Health Status and Quality of Life
Recommendations and Conclusions
Glossary of Technical Terms

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