The Kingdom of Cyprus and the Crusades, 1191-1374
The island of Cyprus was conquered from its Byzantine ruler by Richard I of England in 1191 during the Third Crusade, and remained under western rule until the Ottoman conquest of 1570-1. From the 1190s until the 1470s the island was a kingdom governed by the members of the Lusignan family. The Lusignans, who hailed from Poitou in western France, imposed a new European landowning class and a Catholic ecclesiastical hierarchy upon the indigenous Greek population. Nevertheless, their regime provided long periods of political stability and, until the late fourteenth century, a considerable period of prosperity. In the thirteenth century the island was closely linked to the Latin states in Syria and the Holy Land by political, social and economic ties and, with the fall of the last Christian strongholds to the Muslims in 1291, it became the most easterly outpost of Latin Christendom in the Mediterranean. This new study, which is based on original research, traces the fortunes of Cyprus under its royal dynasty and its role in the Crusades and in the confrontation of Christian and Muslim in the Near East until the 1370s. It is both a major contribution to the history of the Crusades in the Levant and the only scholarly study of medieval Cyprus currently available.
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Acre Aimery Barlais Aimery's Alice Alice of Champagne Amadi Amaury Amaury's Aragon Aragonese Armenia Arsur bailli Baldwin Baldwin of Ibelin Balian bezants Bohemond Brienne brother Byzantine castle Christian Chypre conquest constable crown crusade Cypriot death defence emperor Eraclcs Eschiva evidence expedition Famagusta Feudal Nobility fiefs fourteenth century France Frederick galleys Gcstcs Genoa Genoese Guy of Lusignan Henry's High Court Histoire Holy Land Hospitallers Hugh's Ibid Isabella island Jaffa James John of Beirut John of Ibelin Jubail king of Cyprus king's kingdom of Jerusalem knights Kyrenia Latin East Latin Syria Latrie Leontios Makhairas Lettres secretes Limassol lord lordship Mamluk Maria marriage married merchants military Mongols Muslim Nicosia papal Paris Peter Philip of Ibelin Philip of Novara pope prince of Antioch regent reign Rhodes Richard Rilcy-Smith royal Rudt dc seneschal ships siege St Hilarion sultanate Syria Templars thirteenth century throne trade Tripoli Tyre vassals Venetians Venice Walter western