Language History: An Introduction
This classroom-tested volume aspires to be a brief but technically and factually accurate exposition of linguistic description and history. Whether studied as prime subject or as background information, it should help students understand the assumptions and reasoning that underlie the contents of their handbooks and etymological dictionaries.This book should be a useful guide for anyone unfamiliar with (historical) linguistics who is studying the history of a language, and also for those who are enrolled in courses devoted to reading texts in old languages.
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CHANGES IN PRONUNCIATION
EXTERNAL ASPECTS OF LANGUAGE CHANGE
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ablaut accent affixes affricates alternation analogical articulatory assimilation attested borrowing calque cognate com common commonly con consonant consonantal contrast diachronic dialect diphthongs dis dissimilation dorsal Eng etymology evidence example fact folk etymology form of speech French fricatives front vowels function Germanic languages Gothic grammar Greek guage historical linguistics Indo-European languages innovations internal reconstruction intervocalic lan Latin less letter lexical lexicon meaning merger metaphor metonymy Modern English morpheme morphology nasal noun obstruent Old English originally palatalized PGmc phonetic features phonological plural point of articulation present-day pro pronounced Proto-Germanic Proto-Indo-European proto-language reasoning reflexes result rhotacism Romance languages root seen segment Selected papers semantic change sense short vowels sibilant similar Slavic sound laws speakers specific spelling spirantization standard stem stops structure syllable symbols synonym syntax tense term tion tongue tonic usually velum verb vocal folds vocal tract voiced voiceless word