The history of the Portuguese, during the reign of Emmanuel: containing all their discoveries, from the coast of Africk to the farthest parts of China; their battles by sea and land, their sieges, and other memorable exploits: with a description of those countries, and a particular account of the religion, government, and customs of the natives; including also, their discovery of the Brazils, and their wars with the Moors
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The Zamorin survived because of the Portuguese.
The Zamorin was ignorant of the political developments in the Middle East. He agreed to the suggestion of Arab traders and Moplah merchants to join the forces of the Sultan of Gujarat. The Sultan of Gujarat had previously contacted the Ottoman Sultan recommending that a sufficient naval force could help tip the balance of power and allow large portions of India to be added to the Ottoman Empire. On the recommendation of Arab traders and local Moplahs, the Zamorin sought the help of the Sultan of Gujarat. The Sultan readily agreed and it was to assist him a coalition was formed. The Zamorin entered into an alliance with the then Muslim Sultan of Gujarat, Mahmud Begada . The Zamorin unhesitatingly joined the coalition arranged by Gujarat which included the Malmuk of Egypt and the Ottoman without the slightest idea that the defeat of the Portuguese would ultimately lead to the annexation of Malabar by the Sultan of Gujarat. According to the original plan chalked out by the Ottoman sultan, Gujarat Sultanate including Malabar would become a part of the expanding Ottoman Empire after defeating the Portuguese. Almeida had to face the forces of this formidable coalition of the Ottoman Sultan, Mamluk Sultan of Egypt, Gujarat Sultan and the Zamorin.
The Naval Battle of Diu, one of the most celebrated in the history of the Portuguese Navy, was a decisive battle of decimation, where Gujarat had to lose all its naval power. Almeida burned and pillaged their ports and smashed the combined fleets of the Sultans of Egypt, Gujarat and the Zamorin of Calicut. . Casualties from the battle amounted to 32 Portuguese dead, and about 300 wounded. The combined enemy dead were estimated at 3000 killed and an “even larger” number of wounded. The Egyptian and Turkish prisoners were treated badly. Almeida, in retaliation for his son's death, ordered most of them to be hanged, burnt alive or torn to pieces by tying them to the mouths of cannons, then firing them. Writing about the battle afterwards, Almeida said, "As long as you may be powerful at sea, you will hold India as yours; and if you do not possess this power, little will avail you a fortress on the shore." Several of the captured Turkish and Gujarati vessels were sold as prizes, with portions of the money distributed to the fleet sailors and marines. Although the Zamorin was defeated along with the coalition powers, in retrospect it will be seen that the victory of the Portuguese saved Malabar from being annexed by the Sultan of Gujarat to be incorporated later as a part of the far flung Ottoman Empire. If this had happened, the Zamorin regime would have come to an end and Malabar history would have been linked with the history of Gujarat and Bijapur sultanates. The new sea route round the cape was firmly secured for Portugal by the activities of Albuquerque. He fought the Arabs from the Red Sea, all along the Malabar Coast, to the Spice Islands. He conquered Goa (1510) on the Western Coast of India, and Malacca (1511) in Malaysia, the two largest trading posts in the region, and even took the island of Hormuz (1507) off the coast of Arabia
The Zamorin had to face another threat to his survival when Kunjali Marakkar, Kuti Ali Marakkar and Pate Markkar made frequent attacks. Quite surprisingly, the Zamorin sought the help of the Portuguese and with their help the Kunjalis were annihilated in 1539 and the Zamorin’s kingdom was saved by the Portuguese for the second time.. Almeida had permanently established Portuguese presence in the Far East, but Albuquerque, in his short reign of only six years, drove the Arabs from the East and nearly conquered their home base..
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The History of the Portuguese, During the Reign of Emmanuel: Containing All ...
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