High temperature superconductors: processing and science
After six years of one of the most concentrated worldwide research efforts devoted to a single material, high-temperature superconductors are now entering the market as useful products. This book provides an introduction to superconductivity, with an emphasis on the state-of-the-art methods used to process these complex materials. The coverage is complete, with chapters on characterization and applications-both achievable and realized. Through a concise and unified distillation of disparate journal articles and reviews, this book provides a useful handbook for students and researchers alike. High Temperature Superconductors: Processing and Science may be used as a textbook in advanced ceramics and materials science courses; it will also appeal to physicists and chemists who are involved in the synthesis of compounds and specimens, as well as to engineers and applied scientists looking for ways to utilize these remarkable materials. Provides the first book on high-temperature superconductivity written for the applied scientist Emphasizes state-of-the-art processing methods and characterization techniques Carefully illustrates key concepts through the use of tables and figures Links ultimate applications with the materials being described
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Powder Processing Bulk Formation and Densification
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A. J. Bourdillon alignment alkoxides annealing applied field atoms beam Bi2Sr2Ca„Cu bulk material C. C. Sorrell carrier Ceram chemical coefficients coils compounds containing cooling courtesy cryogenic crystal structure current density deposition described diffraction dopant doping effects elements example Figure flux creep flux density flux pinning fluxoids formed free energy grain boundaries grain growth H. K. Liu heat high Tc materials high temperature superconductors holes increase insulating interface intergranular ions Josephson Josephson effect layers Lett liquid phase low temperature magnetic field measured Meissner effect microscopy normal metal occurs orthorhombic oxide oxygen perovskite phase diagram Phys Physica planes plasma processing produced properties reaction reduced resistivity S. X. Dou second phases shown in Fig shows single crystals sintering solutions specimen starting powders stoichiometry substrate superconducting surface tapes techniques tetragonal texture thermal thin films transition type II superconductors typically vapor voltage weak links x-ray zero