Politics and Justice in Late Medieval Bologna
This book is the first to investigate the practice of summary justice in a late medieval Italian commune. In delineating the political and social context of that development in late medieval Bologna, it also is the first to study the phenomenon of oligarchy not only at the level of the executive body of a commune, but also in the broader councils of commune and popolo, as well as among the ranks of the enfranchised political class. The dominant popolo party constructed itself through multiple forms of exclusion that deeply affected the administration of justice and led to the rise of new institutions of judicial appeal and equity. Exclusion also led to shifting concepts of the legal status and perceptions of social identity of insider and outsider, of popolano and magnate, as revealed in the testimony of witnesses in trial records. Bologna's rich archival sources make it possible to bring a new perspective to key issues in legal and social history.
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Setting the Boundaries
Part II Prosecuting the Excluded
Councils of the Commune
Councils of the Popolo
Part II Perceptions of Identity and Proofs of Status
accusation Accusationes acquittal Alberto anziani arbitrium arms societies attorney Balduini bankers banniti Bologna Bolognese brother Busta capelle Capitano cappella capsa charged Comune-Governo condam domini Consiglio del Popolo consilium sapientis cont contado nobles Council of 800 court crime elite enrolled entry estimo fama families Fasoli Fasoli-Sella filius fols fourteenth century fumantes Galluzzi Geremei Ghisilieri Giacomo Giovanni Giudici Gozzadini Guelfs Guido guilds and arms homicide Ibid imputed Inquisitiones judge July knights Lambertazzi legislation legum magnate status March matricula Mazzo medieval membership merchants Merchatorum Milani milites ministrales Monteveglio Niccolò nobility notaries Notariorum oligarchy penalty Pepoli percent person petition Pietro podesta political popolani popular societies pounds privileged popolani Protestacio Provvigioni querela quod Riformagioni Rubric rural commune Sacred Ordinances sapientes served Statuti dell’anno 1288 summary justice Table IV.1 Tamba thirteenth century tion torture trial Vallerani vicarius witnesses