Dharma, Hindu and Christian According to Roberto de Nobili: Analysis of Its Meaning and Its Use in Hinduism and Christianity

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Gregorian Biblical BookShop, Jan 1, 1986 - Religion - 376 pages
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Caste in the ecclesial community is still a problem in the indian Church. An interest in this problem at the early period of Western Christianity in India led the author to study the writings of Roberto de Nobili (1577-1656). De Nobili was the first European to understand the Hindu Society from its own scriptures and traditions. One of the central concepts that sums up the life of the Hindus is that of dharma. A study of the Nobili's method of adoption of certain customs and synbols of the Hindus without a study of how far de Nobili understood some of the central concepts of Hinduism is incomplete. This work in Dharma, Hindu and Christian, according to Roberto De Nobili is the first study in this line. It centres around the concept of dharma, but it also evaluates the related socio-ethico-religious concepts of Hinduism. Such a study is broader in scope than that of the Hindu caste dharma. It tries to show that this first Christian encounter with Hinduism by de Nobili is quite profound, despite the limitations of the apologetic theology with which de Nobili worked in the presentation of Christianity.
 

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Contents

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT IllOJ
15
PART
21
b Asramadharma
47
B Dharma as Virtue
55
THE THEORY OF KARMA AND REBIRTH AND THE UNDERSTANDING
63
CHAPTER THREE
101
b Principle of Dharma of Society samajadharma
115
e The Idea of Right Order karma
122
k The Relation of the Ethical to the Religious
212
Religious Use of Dharma
215
n Observances acarams in the Old Testament
223
b Suffering and Dying Saviour
239
The Ten Commandments and Dharma
263
f Freedom and Dharma
269
h Forgiveness of Sin and Dharma
277
j Terminology of Dharma
285

f The Final End of Man and Dharma
128
b Salvation and Dharma
155
The Veda as Religion and as Sacred Scripture in Relation to Dharma
178
77
181
Caste and Religion
184
91
187
PART
191
Names of God
200
95
204
h One Religion and Different Ways of Salvation
206
CHAPTER SEVEN
289
Dharma in Christianity
322
De Nobili in the Light of Vatican II
337
101
339
ABBRsVumoNS
358
INDEX
365
104
369
128
375
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Page 31 - Kshatriya he commanded to protect the people, to bestow gifts, to offer sacrifices, to study (the Veda), and to abstain from attaching himself to sensual pleasures; The Vaisya to tend cattle, to bestow gifts, to offer sacrifices, to study (the Veda), to trade, to lend money, and to cultivate land. One occupation only the lord prescribed to the Sudra, to serve meekly even these (other) three castes.

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