Dharma, Hindu and Christian According to Roberto de Nobili: Analysis of Its Meaning and Its Use in Hinduism and Christianity
Caste in the ecclesial community is still a problem in the indian Church. An interest in this problem at the early period of Western Christianity in India led the author to study the writings of Roberto de Nobili (1577-1656). De Nobili was the first European to understand the Hindu Society from its own scriptures and traditions. One of the central concepts that sums up the life of the Hindus is that of dharma. A study of the Nobili's method of adoption of certain customs and synbols of the Hindus without a study of how far de Nobili understood some of the central concepts of Hinduism is incomplete. This work in Dharma, Hindu and Christian, according to Roberto De Nobili is the first study in this line. It centres around the concept of dharma, but it also evaluates the related socio-ethico-religious concepts of Hinduism. Such a study is broader in scope than that of the Hindu caste dharma. It tries to show that this first Christian encounter with Hinduism by de Nobili is quite profound, despite the limitations of the apologetic theology with which de Nobili worked in the presentation of Christianity.
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k The Relation of the Ethical to the Religious
Religious Use of Dharma
n Observances acarams in the Old Testament
b Suffering and Dying Saviour
The Ten Commandments and Dharma
f Freedom and Dharma
h Forgiveness of Sin and Dharma
j Terminology of Dharma
f The Final End of Man and Dharma
b Salvation and Dharma
The Veda as Religion and as Sacred Scripture in Relation to Dharma
Caste and Religion
Names of God
h One Religion and Different Ways of Salvation
26 Serm accept according actions avatara beatitude Bertrand II body Brahmins Bror called caste Christ Christian religion Commandments concept consider customs deeds dharma Dhavamony divine guru doctrine ethical expression faith final end forgiveness Gaudium et Spes God’s nature grace heaven hhakti Hindu Hinduism holy human soul Ibid idea incarnation Kantam Kantam III karma and rebirth knowledge kuru Lord man’s Manu meaning of dharma moccam moksa moral nanam Narratio Nobili explains Nobili gives Nobili mentions Nobili quotes Nobili refers Nobili rejects Nobili says Nobili speaks non-Christian observances one’s Paranki perfect piramanam Pr.Ap previous birth punishment puranas religious repentance revealed right reason righteousness Roberto de Nobili S.Th salvation sannyasa scriptures sense sins smrti social society spiritual suffering svarga Tamil tarmam taught teaching téva theological theory of karma things tion trimurti true truth upatécam utterances varnadharma varnas veda vétam virtue virtuous word worship
Page 31 - Kshatriya he commanded to protect the people, to bestow gifts, to offer sacrifices, to study (the Veda), and to abstain from attaching himself to sensual pleasures; The Vaisya to tend cattle, to bestow gifts, to offer sacrifices, to study (the Veda), to trade, to lend money, and to cultivate land. One occupation only the lord prescribed to the Sudra, to serve meekly even these (other) three castes.