Escaping the Labyrinth: The Cretan Neolithic in Context
Valasia Isaakidou, Peter Tomkins
Oxbow Books, 2008 - History - 302 pages
Beneath the Bronze Age 'Palace of Minos', Neolithic Knossos is one of the earliest known farming settlements in Europe and perhaps the longest-lived. For 3000 years, Neolithic Knossos was also perhaps one of very few settlements on Crete and, for much of this time, maintained a distinctive material culture. This volume radically enhances understanding of the important, but hitherto little known, Neolithic settlement and culture of Crete. Thirteen papers, from the tenth Sheffield Aegean Round Table in January 2006, explore two aspects of the Cretan Neolithic: the results of recent re-analysis of a range of bodies of material from J.D. Evans' excavations at EN-FN Knossos; and new insights into the Cretan Late and Final Neolithic and the contentious belated colonisation of the rest of the island, drawing on both new and old fieldwork. Papers in the first group examine the idiosyncratic Knossian ceramic chronology (P. Tomkins), human figurines from a gender perspective (M. Mina), funerary practices (S. Triantaphyllou), chipped stone technology (J. Conolly), land and-use and its social implications (V. Isaakidou). Those in the second group, present a re-evaluation of LN Katsambas (N. Galanidou and K. Mandeli), evidence for later Neolithic exploration of eastern Crete (T. Strasser), Ceremony and consumption at late Final Neolithic Phaistos (S. Todaro and S. Di Tonto), Final Neolithic settlement patterns (K. Nowicki), the transition to the Early Bronze Age at Kephala Petra (Y. Papadatos), and a critical appraisal of Final Neolithic 'marginal colonisation' (P. Halstead). In conclusion, C. Broodbank places the Cretan Neolithic within its wider Mediterranean context and J.D. Evans provides an autobiographical account of a lifetime of insular Neolithic exploration.
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Anatolia animals Archaeology Argolid artefacts Athens blades bones British School Broodbank 1992 burial Cambridge University Press cave ceramic Chalcolithic chronological colonization Conolly consumption context core Cretan Cretan Neolithic Crete Cyclades decoration deposits disarticulated draught cattle draught cows earliest Early Bronze Age Early Neolithic Europe evidence excavations Female Figure figurines Final Neolithic flakes Franchthi Franchthi Cave gender Greece Greece SSAA groups Halstead Herakleion Holocene human Ierapetra inhumations intensive Isaakidou island Jarman Kalythies Kastri Katsambas Knossian Kotsakis landscape Late Neolithic levels located London mainland Makriyalos material culture Mediterranean Mesolithic millennium BC Minoan Neolithic and Bronze Neolithic Knossos Neolithic settlement Nerokourou Nowicki obsidian Oxbow Books Oxford period Perles Petras Kephala Phaistos phase pottery Prehistory production regions remains Renfrew retouch School at Athens Sheffield Academic Press Sherratt Siteia social southern Aegean Stavroupolis Strasser suggests Thessaloniki Thessaly Vagnetti Whitelaw