A New Collection of Genuine Receipts: For the Preparation and Execution of Curious Arts, and Interesting Experiments ... To which is Added, a Complete and Much Approved System of Dyeing, in All Its Varieties
Gaylord, 1831 - Dyes and dyeing - 108 pages
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acetate add a little afterwards alkali alum alumine archil beat boil bottle Brazil wood brown brush butter cake cinnamon clean cloth coats cochineal cold water colour wanted colouring matter coperas copper cotton and linen cream crimson decoction diluted dissolved drachms dye silks dyed blue eggs fawn colour flour four ounces fustic galls glass gold green gum arabic hair half a pound half an ounce heat hour immerse indigo Jłnother juice leather lemon lime liquor logwood madder mordant muriate paper Paste for tarts pearlash piece pint potass powder purple quantity quart quarter quercitron rinse roche alum sal ammoniac salt scarlet shade sifted silver soap soft solution spirit of wine spoonful spring water stain steep stir sulphate of iron sulphuric acid Take tartar turpentine varnish verdigris vermillion vinegar vitriol warm water washed woad woollen yellow
Page 94 - Lake, which may be made by infusing the lake some days in spirit of wine, and then pouring off the tincture from the dregs. It may be stained red by red ink. It may also be stained of a scarlet hue by the tincture of dragon's blood in spirit of wine, but this will not be bright.
Page 27 - The immersing of cotton in an alkaline ley, however it be rinsed, always leaves with it an earthy deposit. It is well known that cotton bears the action of acids better than hemp or flax ; that time is even necessary before the action of them can be prejudicial to it, and by taking advantage of this valuable property in regard to bleaching, means have been found to free it from the earthy deposit, by pressing down the cotton in a very weak solution of sulphuric acid, and afterwards removing the acid...
Page 95 - ... which must be put into a trough, or some broad vessel. Then with a stick curl them or draw them out in streaks, to as much variety as...
Page 76 - ... simple colour, and then by another. These colours vary to infinity, according to the proportions of the ingredients employed. From blue, red, and yellow, red olives and greenish greys are made.
Page 78 - Any of the usual processes for dyeing blue ana yellow may be followed, taking care to proportion the depth of the shades to that of the green required. When Sulphate of Indigo is employed, it is usual to mix all the ingredients together, and to dye the cloth at once ; this produces what is known by the name of Saxon, or English green.
Page 36 - ... sweetmeats, two ounces of sweet almonds, ten eggs, a quarter of an ounce of allspice, and a quarter of an ounce of cinnamon. Melt the butter to a cream, and put in the sugar. Stir it till quite light, adding the allspice, and pounded cinnamon ; in a quarter of an hour take the yolks of the eggs, and work them...
Page 55 - ... and becomes insoluble in water. . Indigo has a very strong, affinity for wool, silk, cotton and linen. Every kind of cloth, therefore, may be dyed with it, without the assistance of any mordant whatever. The colour thus induced is very permanent ; because the indigo...
Page 68 - The yellow dyed by means of fustic is more permanent, but not so beautiful as that given by weld or quercitron. As it is permanent, and not much injured by acids, it is often used in dyeing compound colours where a yellow is required.