Social Heredity and Social Evolution: The Other Side of Eugenics

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Abingdon Press, 1914 - Eugenics - 348 pages
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Page v - It is the purpose of this work to show that the laws of the evolution of animals and plants apply to human evolution only up to a certain point, beyond which man has been under the influence of distinct laws of his...
Page vi - ... has appeared to the author that with all the cogency of the facts presented by the eugenists, there is a side of the question of human development which they are overlooking and which their readers are therefore likely to overlook; a side which, in our opinion, weighs more heavily in determining human progress than the laws of inheritance upon which eugenics is based.
Page 343 - Education without religion makes cold, calculating men, with self-centered interests, and any system of social advance which leaves out the religious side of nature leaves out the one force that makes possible lasting organization upon which civilization depends.
Page 336 - ... is only recently that attempts have been made to analyze its content and set forth its importance. Professor Conn's illuminating study has cleared the way. He has treated our social inheritance as a body of acquired traits in contradistinction to the natural traits obtained through organic heredity. The chief factors which separate the European from the Bushman are not, then, in his innate, but in his acquired, characteristics. We do not mean by this that there are no innate differences between...
Page 136 - The feeling of affection is said to play absolutely no part in the marriages of primitive peoples, as illustrated by savages; a condition of things which is still more common among most races of civilized men than marriages for affection. But a union made from such motives, in civilized as well as savage races, is subsequently cemented into a permanent bond by the children, who become an object of common interest to both parents.
Page 26 - This does not at all concern the germinal substance in the egg and is not fixed by the union of germ substances in sex union. It is capable of being modified by the action of individuals, and may be entirely changed by the development of newly acquired variations. It has had little or nothing to do with the evolution of the human animal, but much to do with the evolution of the civilized human race.
Page 271 - While we feel that the law of sympathy and love, which demands sacrifice, is fundamental in the nature of man, we feel with no less positiveness that the laws of justice are inherent in the nature of things. Justice insists upon a final recompense for sacrifice. Here it is that we find the greatest significance of religion in its relation to the history of man.
Page 342 - Through social heredity, a single individual, though leaving no offspring, may turn the direction of evolution, and have more influence upon mankind than another with numerous progeny. Hence, while emphasis should be placed upon reproductive efficiency, even greater emphasis needs to be placed upon making the individual's life count, since the influence of the individual upon evolution through his life may be far greater than his influence through his offspring.
Page 344 - It is not what we are born but what we become after birth that makes us men : it is not the power of babes, but what civilization makes of those powers that constitutes the essence of mankind.
Page 26 - Organic heredity concerns the germinal substance in the egg and sperm. It is fixed and determined by the mixture of the germinal substance of the two parents in sex union. It is not capable of being modified by any action of the individual and is unmodified by any kind of acquired variations.

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