Dionysian Imagery in Fifth-Century Athens
Dionysian Imagery in Fifth-Century Athens is a response to the question, 'What can surviving visual sources reveal about fifth-century Attic perceptions of Dionysos?'. In this sequel to his book Dionysian Imagery in Archaic Greek Art (1986), Thomas Carpenter defines a methodology for using ancient Greek imagery as evidence for cultural and religious activity based on an empirical rather than theoretical approach. Red-figure vases provide the richest source for Dionysian iconography, but the significant volume of evidence supplied by architectural sculpture, coins, and the theatre also demands attention. The conclusions that Carpenter draws from his extensive study challenge commonly-held views about the meaning of Dionysian imagery: women depicted with the god in red-figure vase scenes are demonstrated to be semi-divine nymphs rather than human 'maenads' and cannot be seen as evidence for maenadic practices in Attic cults; although many fifth-century depictions are mock-heroic, the Dionysos of the comic theatre is never represented, nor is the god ever dressed in feminine clothing. It is also argued that the introduction of accessories associated with ecstatic worship in Dionysian scenes can be explained with reference to narratives rather than attributed to cult practices. While seeking to unravel the important social and cultural implications of this religious imagery, Carpenter takes care to point to the problems inherent in the evidence available for scrutiny.
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amphora Apollo archaic Ariadne Athenian Athens Attic vases attributes Bacchae bearded beardless Dionysos Beazley Berlin F black-figure black-figure vases Boardman Bologna British Museum Brommer Bron Cab.Med Carpenter 1986 chiton companions connection contemporary cult cultic dancing deities depictions of Dionysos Dinos Painter Dionysian Dionysian imagery Dionysian scenes Dionysos dress early red-figure Euripides evidence Ferrara fifth century fifth-century Athens figure Francois Vase frieze giants Gigantomachy god's Greek Vases Hephaistos Hera Herakles Hermes Hirmer holds a thyrsos hydria iconographic images ithyphallic donkey kantharos Kleitias krater last quarter lekythoi leopard skin LIMC III pi London Louvre G Lykourgos madness maenads metopes Munich Naples narratives Niobid Painter nymphs Oxford painting Paris Parthenon Pentheus Plate playing pipes pose reclining red-figure vases Return of Hephaistos Robertson satyr plays sculpture Semele Shefton sixth snakes stamnos story Thetis Thrace Thracian thyrsos traditional tympanon vase painters Villa Giulia visual woman women Zeus