Religion and Society in Middle Bronze Age Greece
Cambridge University Press, May 12, 2014 - History - 291 pages
The Middle Helladic period has received little attention, partially because of scholars' view of it as merely the prelude to the Mycenaean period and partially because of the dearth of archaeological evidence from the period. In this book, Helène Whittaker demonstrates that Middle Helladic Greece is far more interesting than its material culture might at first suggest. Whittaker comprehensively reviews and discusses the archaeological evidence for religion on the Greek mainland, focusing on the relationship between religious expression and ideology. The book argues that religious beliefs and rituals played a significant role in the social changes that were occurring at the time. The arguments and conclusions of this book will be relevant beyond the Greek Bronze Age and will contribute to the general archaeological debate on prehistoric religion.
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Aegean Aegina archaeological Argolid argued associated Athens NM Ayios beliefs and rituals Boyd burials in Grave Cavanagh & Mee cemetery chamber tombs cist cist graves construction contained contexts Crete cult cultural Cyclades dead decorated Dickinson 1979 double axe Early Helladic II early Mycenaean period elite evidence excavated female burials Forsén found in Grave fragments funerary gold Grave Circle Greek Greek mainland Hägg hearth Helladic II period Hope Simpson identified ideology important indicate Indo-European Indo-European languages interpreted Karo Kolonna Korres Kynortion Laffineur 1977 late Middle Helladic Lerna lions located M¨uller male burials Maran Marinatos material Messenia meters Middle Helladic period Minoan mound Mycenae Mylonas Nordquist 1987 ofthe peak sanctuary pithos burials political pottery prehistoric prehistoric religion Pylos religion religious beliefs remains represent rhyta ritual activities sanctuary settlement Shaft Graves sherds significance Simpson & Dickinson social status suggests swords symbolic Tholos Tiryns tumulus vases vessels warrior