Lexical, Pragmatic, and Positional Effects of Prosody in Two Dialects of Croatian and Serbian: An Acoustic Study
This book looks at the interaction between pragmatics, prosody, and lexical contrast as factors that condition variation in pitch and duration in two closely related dialects of Croatian and Serbian. The dialects differ in the presence or absence of a lexical contrast for phonological pitch and for vowel duration. The research is based on an acoustic study of pitch and duration, and the results indicate that cross-dialectal variation in prosodic features can be as large as the variation that is found across distinct languages. An important finding is that the expression of narrow focus is limited by the existence of lexical prosodic contrasts. This study sheds light on the principles that govern the phonetic implementation of lexical, prosodic, and pragmatic information, and has implications for intonational phonology and the typology of prosodic systems. This study also makes a significant contribution to Croatian and Serbian dialectology.
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accent types accented syllable accented vowel analyses ANOVA B2 and B3 banana boundary tones box plots broad and narrow broad focus condition clitic correlation Croatian dialects durational patterns effect of accent effect of pragmatics European Portuguese F0 peak alignment falling accents falling and rising falling peaks Figure final position fixed factors focus for three focused word Hualde initial position interaction intonation Kajkavian dialect L*+H L2-alignment languages Lehiste and Ivic length distinctions lexical contrast lexical pitch contrast long and short long vowels LR accent narrow focus conditions peak retraction phonetic phonological Pierrehumbert pitch accent pitch contours pitch peak pitch-range posttonic syllable pragmatic conditions retracted in narrow rising accents rising and falling rising peaks sentences Serbo-Croatian short vowels speakers Z2 stressed syllable stressed vowel target word three Belgrade speakers three speakers three Zagreb speakers tonal alignment tonal targets vowel duration vowel length contrast Z2 and Z3