R.D. Laing and the Paths of Anti-psychiatry
In the 1960s and 1970s, the radical and visionary ideas of R.D. Laing and others associated with the anti-psychiatry movement challenged the psychiatric establishment, claiming that diagnosis was scientifically meaningless - that it was simply a way of labelling socially undesireable behaviour. These ideas revolutionized thinking about psychiatric practice and the meaning of madness. R.D. Laing's work, from The Divided Self to Knots, and his therapeutic community at Kingsley Hall, made him a household name. After little more than a decade he faded from prominence as quickly as he had attained it. This text provides a thorough re-examination of Laing's work from a contemporary perspective. Concentrating on his most productive decade, the author provides a reasoned critique of Laing's theoretical writings and investigates the influences on his thinking including phenomenology and existentialism in his earlier work, and American family interaction research and Sartre in his work on interpersonal communication. The book also considers the experimental Kingsley Hall therapeutic community in parallel with other anti-psychiatry experiments.
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Aaron Esterson analyses anti-psychiatry argued argument Artaud Asylum attempt Basaglia Bateson behaviour career child clinical comes commentary context criticism critique David Cooper Democratic Psychiatry developed diagnosis Divided double bind example existential fact false self system Foucault Freud Glasgow Gogh guilt human idea ideology institution interpersonal interview Italian Jacoby Jervis Joseph Berke Kingsley Hall Kraepelin Laing and Esterson Laing's writings Mary Barnes Mary Barnes's mental hospital mental illness Mitchell mother Mullan normality notion ontological insecurity organization particular patients person phenomenological Philadelphia Association Politics of Experience position present problem psychiatric hospitals psychiatric system psychiatry psychoanalysis psychosis psychotic experience published question R.D. Laing radical reality reason referred role Samuel Beckett sanity Sartre schizophrenic Sedgwick sense Showalter social Socialist Patients society Szasz Tavistock term theoretical theoreticians theory therapeutic community therapist therapy thinking unconscious views Villa 21 violence voyage ward