The Communist Takeover of Hangzhou: The Transformation of City and Cadre, 1949-1954
Existing literature on the Chinese Revolution takes into account the influence of peasant society on Mao's ideas and policies but rarely discusses a reverse effect of comparable significance: namely, how peasant cadres were affected by the urban environment into which they moved. In this detailed examination of the cultural dimension of regime change in the early years of the Revolution, James Gao looks at how rural-based cadres changed and were changed by the urban culture that they were sent to dominate. He investigates how Communist cadres at the middle and lower levels left their familiar rural environment to take over the city of Hangzhou and how they consolidated political control, established economic stability, developed institutional reforms, and created political rituals to transform the urban culture. His book analyzes the interplay between revolutionary and nonrevolutionary culture with respect to the varying degrees with which they resisted and adapted to each other. It reveals the essential role of cultural identity in legitimizing the new regime and keeping its revolutionary ideal alive. Based on extensive research in regional and local archives in Zhejiang province
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American army became Beijing Bo Yibo bourgeoisie Bureau capitalists CCP Central Committee CCP Hangzhou Committee CCP Zhejiang Committee CCP'S Chen China Chinese city government city leaders City of Hangzhou city's Communist Communist takeover confessions considerable number counterrevolutionaries County Cui Bo cultural district economic factories families Feng Five Antis Five Antis Campaign Gao Gang GMD'S guerrilla Hangzhou huiyi Ibid Instructions intellectuals join Korea labor land reform landlords Lin Biao Lingyin Temple Linyi Liu Shaoqi major Mao Tse-tung Mao Zedong Mao's mass Military Control Committee mobilization Party's peasant cadres People's percent political study meetings Press programs Province recruited regime revolution schools Shandong Shanghai silk silver dollars Siyi social southbound cadres struggle teams temples Three Antis Three Antis Campaign tion urban dwellers villages West Lake women cadres Women's Federation workers yueju Zaozhuang Zhang Zhejiang Daily Zhejiang University Zhenlin Zhou Zhou Enlai