Is Pluto a Planet?: A Historical Journey Through the Solar System

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Princeton University Press, 2007 - Science - 254 pages
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A Note from the Author: On August 24, 2006, at the 26th General Assembly of the International Astronomical Union (IAU) in Prague, by a majority vote of only the 424 members present, the IAU (an organization of over 10,000 members) passed a resolution defining planet in such a way as to exclude Pluto and established a new class of objects in the solar system to be called "dwarf planets," which was deliberately designed to include Pluto.


With the discovery of Eris (2003 UB313)--an outer solar system object thought to be both slightly larger than Pluto and twice as far from the Sun--astronomers have again been thrown into an age-old debate about what is and what is not a planet. One of many sizeable hunks of rock and ice in the Kuiper Belt, Eris has resisted easy classification and inspired much controversy over the definition of planethood. But, Pluto itself has been subject to controversy since its discovery in 1930, and questions over its status linger. Is it a planet? What exactly is a planet?


Is Pluto a Planet? tells the story of how the meaning of the word "planet" has changed from antiquity to the present day, as new objects in our solar system have been discovered. In lively, thoroughly accessible prose, David Weintraub provides the historical, philosophical, and astronomical background that allows us to decide for ourselves whether Pluto is indeed a planet.


The number of possible planets has ranged widely over the centuries, from five to seventeen. This book makes sense of it all--from the ancient Greeks' observation that some stars wander while others don't; to Copernicus, who made Earth a planet but rejected the Sun and the Moon; to the discoveries of comets, Uranus, Ceres, the asteroid belt, Neptune, Pluto, centaurs, the Kuiper Belt and Eris, and extrasolar planets.


Weaving the history of our thinking about planets and cosmology into a single, remarkable story, Is Pluto a Planet? is for all those who seek a fuller understanding of the science surrounding both Pluto and the provocative recent discoveries in our outer solar system.


 

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Is Pluto a planet?: a historical journey through the solar system

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In August 2006, members of the International Astronomical Union voted on a new definition for the termplanet , thus excluding Pluto from this category. As Weintraub (astronomy, Vanderbilt Univ.), one ... Read full review

Contents

What Is a Planet?
1
Seven Perfect Planets Made of Aether
6
The Earth Becomes a Planet
36
Sixteen Planets
59
Not Everything That Orbits the Sun Is a Planet
71
Uranus
82
The Celestial Police
95
Neptune the Thirteenth Planet
107
Hidden Secrets of the Outer Solar System
148
The Plutinos
167
Is Pluto a Planet?
179
Goldilocks
185
Current Thoughts by Other Astronomers
222
What We Know about Pluto
232
NOTES
243
INDEX
249

Easy Come Easy Go
121
Pluto the Fourth Ninth Planet
130

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