Coffee in Colombia, 1850-1970: An Economic, Social and Political History

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Cambridge University Press, Jul 25, 2002 - Business & Economics - 360 pages
In this book, Marco Palacios explores the history of Colombia as a coffee-producer, and the implications that coffee has had for its economy, society, and politics since the middle of the nineteenth century. He provides a history of the commercialization of the crop, and relates it to the general evolution of Colombian society, an evolution often determined by coffee even in areas remote from the crop itself. The book also covers the development of the specific institutions that have been set up to manage coffee affairs, and their role in the Colombian state. Since the last quarter of the nineteenth century coffee has been the mainstay of the Colombian economy, and no historian, economist, or sociologist interested in the country can escape its importance; nor can anyone interested in the commodity ignore Colombia. This is the first work on the subject to appear in English.
 

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Contents

area under cultivation and work force 184075
1
Colombian coffee exports 18531909
19
Export estimates for Santander Cundinamarca and Antioquia
21
The making of an oligarchy
25
Price per hectare of uncultivated land in four municipalities of the coffee zones 186591
37
Commercial companies investing in haciendas
39
Hacienda Santa Bárbara account profitability 18891900
45
trends in account profitability 18891900
46
Living conditions and internal contradictions
100
employment wages and trends in the family money income of the agregados 18961918
107
money wages and panela prices 18961900
109
Nutritional content of the jornaleros diet 18961934
111
Inflation devaluation and export taxes 18701904
121
Indices of costs of production exchange rate and international price of coffee 187999 13031
130
Colombian and Brazilian coffee exports 18801910
132
Taxes on coffee exports 18951906
133

production costs and prices of coffee 489
48
Sample of hacendado debtors in Cundinamarca 19057
52
Land and society in central Colombia in the second
55
Censos redeemed in La Mesa 1864
59
population census 1859
61
Population and principal economic activities of the regions of Cundinamarca 1870 623
62
Survey of cattle latifundia in Cundinamarca 1876
64
The fragmentation of colonial latifundia and the origins and collapse of the coffee haciendas
66
Population and percentage variation of the population of six typical coffee municipalities 18591912
71
The internal structure of the coffee haciendas
77
regional systems
79
Crisis and transition towards the second cycle
141
Private appropriation of public lands in the west
161
Sociopolitical elements in antioqueño colonization
180
Coffee expansion and the strengthening of the Liberal
198
The international cycle and coffee policies confronting
227
Sample of coffee estates in Cundinamarca
259
Weights and measures
265
Bibliography
314
Index
331
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