An Outline of Lecture Notes on General Chemistry: The Non-metals

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Barnes, 1889 - Chemistry - 88 pages
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Page 8 - The Specific Gravity of a substance is the ratio of its weight to that of an equal volume of water.
Page 78 - Antimony Argon Arsenic Barium Bismuth Boron Bromine Cadmium Caesium Calcium Carbon Cerium Chlorine Chromium Cobalt Columbium Copper...
Page 9 - periodic system' is a method of classification of the elements based on the generalisation that if the elements are arranged in the order of their atomic weights, most of the properties of the elements and of their compounds show periodic variations.
Page 78 - Mercury (Hydrargyrum) Molybdenum Nickel Nitrogen . Osmium Oxygen Palladium . Phosphorus Platinum Potassium (Kalium) . Rhodium...
Page 10 - It is the lightest form of matter known, being 14-45 times lighter than air, 11,000 times lighter than water, and 240,000 times lighter than platinum. Its molecular weight is therefore smaller than that of any other substance. For this reason, as shown in the section on diffusion, its diffusibility is higher than that...
Page 23 - At this temperature it is taken as the standard of specific gravity for solids and liquids.
Page 2 - ... compound. When oxygen and hydrogen combine to form water they always combine in the proportion of one part, by weight, of hydrogen to eight parts, by weight, of oxygen; or, expressed in percentage composition, 11.111 per cent., by weight, of hydrogen to 88.889 per cent., by weight, of oxygen. The same compound always contains the same elements combined in the same proportion by weight.
Page 5 - The atomic weight of an element is the relative weight of its atoms as compared with those of hydrogen (or other standard) as a unit.

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