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A Grammar of the Modern Irish Language Designed for the Use of the Classes ...
Charles Henry Hamilton Wright
No preview available - 2017
ACTIVE VOICE adjective adverbs aspirates the initial assertive present bean Brehon Laws broad increase broad vowel caofia caol caot te caot cd fe Celtic Celtic languages CHAPTER compounded Conditional Mood CONSUETUDINAL PAST CONSUETUDINAL PRESENT Cornish dative Defective Verbs diphthongs Dublin eclipse the initial emphatic increase English fean feminine formed by adding FUTURE TENSE g uuii genders genitive singular grammar HCMCO i-H CM Imperative Mood Indicative Mood Infinitive Mood inflexions initial mutable Irish language Irish verb manner decline MASC modern language mutable consonants niof niop nominative plural nominative singular noun begins oa g P P P Participle PASSIVE VOICE PAST TENSE pciD pcro peafi person singular personal pronouns plural is formed Possessive Pronouns precede prefixed preposition present tense relative rule caot Sansk scholars singular number slender increase slender vowel sound superlative T>eic thee third person tive Welsh woman Zeuss
Page 57 - If the substantives be of different persons, the verb plural must agree with the first person rather than the second, and with the second rather than the third ; as...
Page 56 - The superlative degree does not require a genitive case plural after it, as in Latin, for the genitive case in Irish, as in English, always denotes possession and nothing more, and therefore could not be applied, like the genitive case plural in Latin, after nouns partitive, or the superlative degree ; but it generally takes after it the preposition Do, or more correctly De, as an Bean ip dilne De rhndib, the fairest woman of women; an peap ip mo De na laocaib, the largest man of the heroes.
Page vii - Celte of the Continent. (2. ) That this Celtic tongue is in the full and complete sense of the term one of the great Indo-European branches of human speech. This, which it had been impossible for the great linguist Bopp to prove, is fully demonstrated by Zeuss...
Page 56 - ' "When an adjective is used to describe the quality of two nouns, it agrees with the one next to it ; as, peafi aguf bean maic, a good man and woman; bean 7 peafi ma1c.
Page 9 - but the latter form," says O'Donovan, " which is like the Saxon termination en (as in oxen), is more general, and better than the former, because more distinct and forcible." When the nominative plural terminates in this mode, the genitive plural is formed from it by dropping the a ; eg, the gen. pi. of luib is tuiBeann.
Page 59 - I am a man, have a different signification ; for ca me am' peafi, is / am in MY man ; ie / am a man, as distinguished from some other stage, such as childhood, or boyhood ; while if peafi me indicates that I am a man, as distinguished from a woman, or a coward.
Page 58 - ... with whom is he? § 63 — Demonstrative and Indefinite Pronouns. The Demonstrative Pronouns immediately follow the nouns or adjectives with which they may be connected ; as, an bean fin, that woman. There is one exception to the foregoing : — viz. where the assertive present if is understood ; as, fo an peafi, this is the man.
Page 55 - Donovan, CHAPTER II. THE ADJECTIVE. § 58. — Adjectives in general, The aspiration of adjectives, when joined to nouns, has been treated of in § 21. Adjectives are generally placed after the nouns to which they belong, except (a) in the case of emphasis ; or (6) in the case of some monosyllabic...
Page 15 - Voc. aoyoa. § 21. — Adjectives declined with Nouns. Adjectives beginning with mutable consonants are aspirated in the nominative singular feminine, in the genitive singular masculine, in the vocative case singular of both genders, and in the plural in the nominative masculine if the noun ends in a consonant ; they are also aspirated in the dative singular masculine.* CCn pecrn.