Excavations at Tell Brak: Nagar in the third millennium BC
British School of Archaeology in Iraq, 2001 - Mesolithic period - 643 pages
Tell Brak, ancient Nagar, was one of the most important cities in northern Mesopotamia in the third millennium BC and a focus of long-distance trade. It was also, for about a century, a provincial capital of the Akkadian Empire founded by Sargon of Agade. This is the second of four volumes on the 1976-93 excavations at Tell Brak. The major Akkadian buildings at Tell Brak are the first well-preserved examples to be discovered at any site, and include a great ceremonial complex and a unique caravanserai that housed the donkey caravans bringing metals from Anatolia. During the ritual closure of these buildings, beautiful silver jewellery was deposited along with numerous copper/bronze tools and the skeletons of some of the caravan donkeys. Specialist reports provide detailed historical, geomorphological, ceramic, faunal, botanical, microstratigraphic and other data.
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Geoarchaeology Landscape and the Region T J Wilkinson C A I French
Air photograph of NaramSin Palace excavations
The area around Tell Brak showing linear hollows and major terrain types recognizable on satellite images
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Akkadian contexts Akkadian levels Amorgos animals antecella Area CH Area FS Area SS barley beads beakers Beydar bitumen bones bowls brown bullae burnished burnt calcareous Stone Wares cent Chuera clay colour Comments Reg complete copper/bronze courtyard crop dark grey decoration disc donkeys doorway Ebla equid evidence example from SS excavated fabric faience figurines fill floor fragments frit FS Level Further examples glume glume wheat grain gritty Hurrian identified incised incomplete Khabur Lidar locus Area level Mallowan material Mesopotamia millennium Mitanni monumental building mud-brick Nagar Naram-Sin Ninevite noncalcareous objects onager pale perforation Phase plaster possible post-Akkadian pottery rachis recovered Room 18 samples seal sherds similar SS monumental Stone Ware String-cut base suggests surface tablet TB cat Tell Brak Tell Leilan Tell Mozan temple texts third-millennium tion trench unusual Uruk vessels wall