Lexical Categories: Verbs, Nouns and Adjectives
Cambridge University Press, Mar 13, 2003 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 353 pages
For decades, generative linguistics has said little about the differences between verbs, nouns, and adjectives. This book seeks to fill this theoretical gap by presenting simple and substantive syntactic definitions of these three lexical categories. Mark C. Baker claims that the various superficial differences found in particular languages have a single underlying source which can be used to give better characterizations of these 'parts of speech'. These definitions are supported by data from languages from every continent, including English, Italian, Japanese, Edo, Mohawk, Chichewa, Quechua, Choctaw, Nahuatl, Mapuche, and several Austronesian and Australian languages. Baker argues for a formal, syntax-oriented, and universal approach to the parts of speech, as opposed to the functionalist, semantic, and relativist approaches that have dominated the few previous works on this subject. This book will be welcomed by researchers and students of linguistics and by related cognitive scientists of language.
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The problem of the lexical categories
12 Unanswerable typological questions concerning categories
13 Categories in other linguistic traditions
14 Goals methods and outline of the current work
Verbs as licensers of subjects
22 Initial motivations
23 The distribution of Pred
24 Copular particles
37 Nouns must be related to argument positions
38 Predicate nominals and verbalization
39 Are nouns universal?
Adjectives as neither nouns nor verbs
42 Attributive modification
43 Adjectives and degree heads
44 Resultative secondary predication
45 Adjectives and adverbs
25 Inflection for tense
26 Morphological causatives
2J Word order differences
28 Unaccusativity diagnostics
29 Adjectives in the decomposition of verbs
210 Are there languages without verbs?
Nouns as bearers of a referential index
32 The criterion of identity
33 Occurrence with quantifiers and determiners
34 Nouns in binding and anaphora
35 Nouns and movement
36 Nouns as arguments
46 Are adjectives universal?
Lexical categories and the nature of the grammar
51 What has a category?
52 Categories and the architecture of the grammar
53 Why are the lexical categories universal?
54 Final remarks
Adpositions as functional categories
A2 The place of adpositions in a typology of categories
Other editions - View all
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