Painting, Politics and the Struggle for the École de Paris, 1944-1964
The first book dedicated to the postwar or 'nouvelle' École de Paris, Painting and Politics in Postwar France: The Battle for the École de Paris (1944-1964) presents a sustained historical study of how this 'school' was constituted by the paintings of a diverse group of artists, by the combative field of art criticism, and by the curatorial policies of galleries and state exhibitions. By thoroughly mining the extensive resources of the newspaper and art journal press, gallery and government archives, artists' writings and interviews with surviving artists and art critics, Natalie Adamson traces the artists, exhibitions, and art critical debates that made the École de Paris a zone of aesthetic and political conflict. Through setting the École de Paris into its artistic, social, and political context, she demonstrates how it functioned as the defining force in French postwar art in its defence of the tradition of easel painting, as well as an international point of reference for the expansion of modernism. In doing so, she presents a wholly new perspective on the vexed relationships between painting, politics, and national identity in France during the two decades following World War II.Painting and Politics in Postwar France challenges the customary relegation of the École de Paris to the footnotes, not by arguing for some hitherto 'hidden' merit for the art and ideas associated with this school, but by establishing how and why the École de Paris was a highly significant vehicle for artistic and political debate.
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École de Paris Meaning to be Determined
The Nouvelle École de Paris
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abstract art aesthetic American André appearances art critics artists Artwork avant-garde Bazaine Bernard Biennale Buffet canvas chapter Charpentier collective colour Combat Communist contemporary critique cultural curators d'Art Moderne d'une December Degand described discussion early École de Paris established Estienne example exhibition expression February figuration foreign foreign-born Fougeron France French art French tradition Galerie Georges important included individual Italy Jacques January Jean Jeunes Jeunes peintres journal June Kandinsky l'art l'École L'Observateur Lettres françaises Liberation London major Manessier March Matisse means Michel modern art monde Musée national tradition nature non-figurative noted Nouvelle École November object October opened organised origins painters painting peinture Picasso pictorial Pierre Pignon political position postwar present published question realism Réalités reality recent reference René Salon style suggested term turn University values writing young