The Robbers Cave Experiment: Intergroup Conflict and Cooperation
Originally issued in 1954 and updated in 1961 and 1987, this pioneering study of “small group” conflict and cooperation has long been out-of-print. It is now available, in cloth and paper, with a new introduction by Donald Campbell, and a new postscript by O.J. Harvey.
In this famous experiment, one of the earliest in inter-group relationships, two dozen twelve-year-old boys in summer camp were formed into two groups, the Rattlers and the Eagles, and induced first to become militantly ethnocentric, then intensely cooperative. Friction and stereotyping were stimulated by a tug-of-war, by frustrations perceived to be caused by the “out” group, and by separation from the others. Harmony was stimulated by close contact between previously hostile groups and by the introduction of goals that neither group could meet alone. The experiment demonstrated that conflict and enmity between groups can be transformed into cooperation and vice versa and that circumstances, goals, and external manipulation can alter behavior.
Some have seen the findings of the experiment as having implications for reduction of hostility among racial and ethnic groups and among nations, while recognizing the difficulty of control of larger groups.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
1 Integrating Field Work and Laboratory in Small Group Research
2 Approach Hypotheses and General Design of the Study
3 Role of Staff Subject Selection Experimental Site
4 Experimental Formation of Ingroups
Production of Negative Attitudes Toward the Outgroup
Assessment of Ingroup Functioning and Negative Attitudes Toward the Outgroup
Other editions - View all
activities actual appeal value baseball beans boys cabin Cedar Lake Chapter common competition concerning contact situations contest cooperation Craig criteria discussion Eagle group effects end of Stage experiment experimental units factors favorable friendship choices frustration functional relations group members group relations group structure hideout hypothesis ingroup and outgroup ingroup formation inter interac interaction process interdependent intergroup attitudes intergroup behavior intergroup conflict intergroup friction intergroup relations introduced laboratory-type leader leadership low-status members Mason mess hall methods Mills Muzafer Sherif Myers norms observational data obtained outgroup members participant observers performance positive problem situations procedures psychological raid ratings of ingroup Rattler group Rattlers and Eagles relations between groups relationships Robbers Cave Simpson small groups social distance social psychology sociometric scores sociometric techniques staff members status ratings Stereotype ratings Stone Corral subjects suggested superordinate goals swimming Table techniques tension tion Tom Hale tournament trend truck tug-of-war unfavorable