Palestinian Arab Music: A Maqam Tradition in Practice

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University of Chicago Press, Jan 16, 2006 - Music - 518 pages
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This long-awaited project presents the results of a major research effort to determine the parameters of the stylistic variability of Arab folk music in Israel. Central to this old and highly improvised musical tradition is a unique modal framework that combines the concept of maqam—the foundation of Arab music theory—with other characteristics, including those of the text. Palestinian Arab Music is a comprehensive analysis of this music as actually practiced, examining both musical and nonmusical factors, their connection with the traits of individual performers, and their interaction with sociocultural phenomena.

Working initially with their own 1957 invention, the Cohen-Katz Melograph, and later with computers, Dalia Cohen and Ruth Katz recorded and digitized several hundred Palestinian music performances. The authors analyzed the musical tradition in light of its main variables. These include musical parameters, modal frameworks, the form and structure of the music, its poetic texts, and aspects of the social functions of the tradition. As a result of their study, the vexed aspect of intonation in practice is revealed to exist in a special relationship with the scale systems or maqamat, which are in turn of great importance to organizing the music and determining its modal systems.
 

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Contents

The Research Topic Problems Objectives and the Tradition Studied
1
12 The Group and Its Tradition
11
The Performing Group
23
22 Variables That Affect Performance
26
23 A Brief Biographical Sketch of a Creative Performer
38
Pitch and the Maqamat
41
31 Intonation
43
32 Collections on Notes
63
Poetic Meter and Rhyme
238
63 Summary
250
Musicopoetic Frames
251
72 Findings
254
73 Summary
289
The Performers Role in Shaping the Performance
294
81 The Effect of Types of Performers on Some Significant Musical Components
295
The Individual Performer
312

33 The Functions of Important Notes
76
34 Melodic Intervals
84
35 Range
87
36 Motives
92
37 The Phrase Unit
109
A Comparison of the Maqamat by Pitch Factors
114
Rhythm and Structure
133
41 Duration
136
42 Density Tempo
149
43 Beat and Tempo
152
44 Meter
165
45 Form
173
46 Summary
180
Melisma and Style
181
Methods Examples and Findings
193
53 Summary
229
The Text
235
Summary
325
The Musical Components
326
The Framework of the Maqamat
330
The Connection with Extramusical Factors
332
Implications
333
A Selection of TwentyEight Songs Representing the Repertoire
335
On the Transcription of the Music and Texts
337
Songs on the Compact Disc
338
Melographic Output for Songs 1 4 and 10
409
Analysis of the Texts of Songs 2 and 13
411
The Structure of the Traditional Village Wedding
415
Research Questionnaires
419
Poetic Structure as a Kind of Musical Regularity A Comparison of Arabic Poetic Traditions the Oral Palestinian and the Written Medieval Spanish
459
Notes
485
Bibliography
501
Index
509
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About the author (2006)

Dalia Cohen is professor emerita of musicology at the Hebrew University. She is the author or coauthor of six previous books. Ruth Katz is the Emanuel Alexandre Professor Emerita of Musicology at the Hebrew University. She is the author or coauthor of nine previous books.
 
 
 
 

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