The Recording Engineer's Handbook

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Hal Leonard Corporation, 2005 - Music - 368 pages
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Working as a recording engineer presents challenges from every direction of your project. From using microphones to deciding on EQ settings, choosing outboard gear to understanding how, when and why to process your signal, the seemingly never-ending choices can be very confusing. Professional Audio's bestselling author Bobby Owsinski (The Mixing Engineer's Handbook, The Mastering Engineer's Handbook) takes you into the tracking process for all manner of instruments and vocals-- providing you with the knowledge and skill to make sense of the many choices you have in any given project. From acoustic to electronic instruments, mic placement to EQ settings, everything you need to know to capture professionally recorded audio tracks is in this guide.
 

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Contents

Microphones
1
The Dynamic Microphone
2
The Ribbon Microphone
3
The Condenser Microphone
6
Condenser Mic Fallacies
8
Condenser Operational Hints
9
Phantom Power
10
Overload Characteristics
11
Djembe
110
The Drum Kit
111
Single Mic Technique
112
Two Mic Technique
113
Three Mic Technique
114
Four Mic Technique
117
Kick Tunnel
123
Snare Drum
124

Frequency Response
12
Omnidirectional
13
Figure8
14
Hypercardioid
15
Specialty Microphones
16
PZM
17
Wireless
18
Stereo Mics
20
Microphone Accessories
21
Windscreens
22
ShockMounts
23
Classic Microphones
25
RCA 77 Unidirectional Ribbons
27
Neumann U47
28
Neumann U67
29
Neumann M4950
30
Neumann KM 84 Series
31
Neumann KM5456
32
Neumann U87
33
AKG D12112
34
AKG C12Telefunken ELA M250251
35
AKG 451
36
AKG 414 Series
37
Sony C37A
39
Schoeps 221B
40
Shure SM57
41
Sennheiser 421
42
Beyer M160
43
ElectroVoice RE20
44
Basic Recording Equipment
45
Vintage Mic Pres
46
Neve 10711083
47
Telefunken V72V76
48
Manley Labs
49
Universal Audio
50
GML
51
Direct Injection
52
Setup
53
CompressorLimiters
54
CompressorLimiter Setup
55
United Auido LA3A
56
Basic Stereo Techniques
59
Coincident Pair
60
MS
61
Blumlein Array
62
The Stereo Microphone
63
Spaced Pair
64
Decca Tree
65
NearCoincident Pair
66
Baffled Omni Pair
67
Basic Multichannel Tracking
71
The Secret of Getting Good Sounds
72
Secrets of Mic Placement
74
Placement Considerations
76
The 3 to 1 Principle
77
Checking Phase
78
Checking Polarity
79
Checking Phase by Listening
80
Checking Phase with an Ocilloscope
81
Checking Phase with a Phase Meter
82
Preparing the Drum Hit for Recording
83
Fundamentals of Tuning
92
Individual Instrument Miking Techniques
95
Miking an Audience
97
Banjo
98
Acoustic String Bass
99
Bass Amps
101
Bassoon
103
Bouzouki
104
Choir
107
CongaBongos
108
Didjeridu
109
Snare Drum with Brushes
131
HiHat
132
Toms
134
Overhead Mics
138
Room Mics
144
That 70s Drum Sound
147
Reggae Drum Sound
148
Fiddle
149
Flute
150
GuitarAcoustic
151
Guitar Tricks
154
GuitarClassical
155
GuitarElectric
156
Hand Claps
164
Harp
165
Indian Instruments
166
Leslie Speaker
167
Piano
170
Saxophone
173
Steel Drums
175
String Section
176
Tambourine
178
VibesMarimba
179
Vocals
180
To Eliminate Pops and Breath Blasts
183
VocalsThe Hanging Microphone
185
VocalsBackground Vocals
187
Voice Over
189
Whistling
190
The Session
191
Headphones and the Cue Mix
193
Tips for Great Headphone Mixes
194
Tricks for Loud Headphones
195
The Click Track
196
Making the Click Cut Through the Mix
197
When a Click Wont Work
199
Getting the Most from a Vocalist
200
Recording Basic Tracks
201
Where to Place the Players
202
How Long Should It Take?
204
Fletcher on Recording Without Headphones
206
Leakage
208
Al Schmitt on the Attributes of a Great Assistant Engineer
211
Surround Miking Techniques
215
IRT Cross
216
Hamasaki Square
217
Drum Surround MultiMiking
218
MultiMic Method Number 2
219
The Drum Halo
220
Surround Microphones
221
The Schoeps KFM 360
222
Soundfield MK V Microphone and Model 451 51 Decoder
224
B Format
225
The Soundfield 451 51 Decoder
226
PART THREE The Interviews
229
The Interviews
231
Steve Albini
243
Michael Beinhorn
256
Michael Bishop
264
David Bock
272
Bruce Botnick
280
Ed Cherney
289
Wyn Davis
295
Frank Filipetti
303
Jerry Hey
317
Eddie Kramer
321
Mark Linett
329
Mack
338
Al Schmitt
346
Glossary
353
Index
364
Copyright

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About the author (2005)

A long-time music industry veteran, Bobby Owsinski started his career as a guitar and keyboard player, songwriter and arranger, eventually becoming an in-demand producer/engineer working not only with a variety of recording artists, but on commercials, television and motion pictures as well. One of the first to delve into surround sound music mixing, Bobby has worked on over a hundred surround projects and DVD productions for a variety of superstar acts. Combining his music and recording experience with an easy-to-understand writing style, Bobby has become one of the best-selling authors in the music recording industry with 19 books that are now staples in audio recording, music, and music business programs in colleges around the world, including the best-selling Mixing Engineer's Handbook, Recording Engineer's Handbook, and Music 3.0:A Survival Guide For Making Music In The Internet Age. A frequent moderator, panelist, and program director for a variety of industry conferences, Bobby has served as the longtime producer of the annual Surround Music Awards, and is one of the creators and executive producers for the "Guitar Universe" and "Desert Island Music" television programs. Visit Bobby's production blog at bobbyowsinski.blogspot.com/, his Music 3.0 blog at music3point0.blogspot.com, and his website at bobbyowsinski.com.

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