Preparing for nuclear power plant accidents
Westview Press, 1995 - Health & Fitness - 537 pages
This book appraises the current understanding of nuclear power plant accidents and the challenges posed to emergency planners. The contributors address the crucial need for real-time monitoring of both the development of the accident and the dispersion of radiation into the atmosphere. They also consider a broad range of other factors and approaches, including emergency action-level guidelines, organizational designs, effective emergency medical response, probabilistic risk analysis, public perceptions of nuclear accident risks, public responses to various warning systems, and the effects of high stress on the behavior of power plant workers.
Drawing together major implications of research and recent experience, the contributors propose strategies for more effective future planning. The book focuses specifically on the lessons of Chernobyl and recent developments in emergency planning in Europe.
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Potential Characteristics of Severe Reactor Accidents
Monitoring and Modelling Atmospheric Dispersion
Safety Status of Nuclear Reactors and Classification
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accident sequences analysis assessment Baruch Fischhoff behavior brochure capability centers cesium iodide chapter Chernobyl Chernobyl accident containment core damage core-melt decision-making disaster dose EBS messages effects emer emergency planning emergency response emergency-planning emergency-response systems error bands estimates evacuation evaluation event existing experience factors failure federal FEMA Fischhoff gency hazard implementation initial involved iodine issues Jens Rasmussen Kasperson levels licensee Mileti monitoring and modelling NRC and FEMA nuclear accident nuclear plant nuclear power plant Nuclear Regulatory Commission Nuclear Safety occur off-site officials operating organizational organizations perceptions personnel plant accident plume population potential precursors preparedness probability problems protective actions Quarantelli radioactive radiological radionuclides reactor accidents recommendations release restart risk role severe accident Slovic social Sorensen source terms task Three Mile Island tion triage uncertainties utility warning system Washington