Diamonds and Precious Stones: A Popular Account of Gems ...

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Scribner, Armstrong,, 1874 - Diamonds - 292 pages
 

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Page 40 - And the foundations of the wall of the city were garnished with all manner of precious stones. The first foundation was jasper; the second, sapphire; the third, a chalcedony; the fourth, an emerald; the fifth, sardonyx; the sixth, sardius; the seventh, chrysolite; the eighth, beryl; the ninth, a topaz; the tenth, a chrysoprasus; the eleventh, a jacinth; the twelfth, an amethyst.
Page 39 - He putteth forth his hand upon the rock; he overturneth the mountains by the roots. He cutteth out rivers among the rocks; and his eye seeth every precious thing. He bindeth the floods from overflowing; and the thing that is hid bringeth he forth to light.
Page 97 - East India Company, in part payment of the debt due by the State of Lahore to the British Government, and of the expenses of the war. 3rd. — The Gem called the Koh-i-noor, which was taken from Shah Shuja-ul-Mulk by Maharajah Ranjit Singh, shall be surrendered by the Maharajah of Lahore to the Queen of England.
Page 96 - Aurengzebe was in the possession of Mohammed Shah at the time of the Persian invasion ; and if it was it most certainly changed masters, and became, as is universally asserted, the property of Nadir Shah, who is also said to have bestowed upon it the name of Koh-i-noor. After...
Page 244 - Imitation gems are extensively manufactured. The base of one class of imitations is a peculiar kind of glass of considerable hardness, brilliancy and refractive power called paste or strass. When the strass is obtained very pure it is melted and mixed with substances having a metallic base, generally oxides, which communicate to the mass the most varied colors. Another class often fraudulently offered for sale as genuine stones are made by cementing thin plates of precious materials over and sometimes...
Page 98 - ... meet, as it was necessary to reduce the stone at that part, and so to level the set of the stone before the table could be formed ; the intention being to turn the stone rather on one side, and take the incision or flaw at E...
Page 57 - ... as many as six hundred gold pagodas. There they sit and wait until some one comes to sell them diamonds, it may be from the vicinity, or from some other mine. When anyone comes with something for them he places it in the hands of the eldest of the boys, who is, as it were, the chief of the band. He looks at it, and hands it to the one next him, and so it passes from hand to hand...
Page 74 - ... but when we take into account the difference in the value of money...
Page 96 - Kunjet was highly elated by the acquisition of the diamond, and wore it as an armlet at all great festivals. When he was dying, an attempt was made by persons about him to persuade him to make the diamond a present to Jagannuth, and it is said that he intimated assent by an inclination of his head.
Page 204 - This quotation proves that the Roman naturalist considered amber as a contemporary production. He was right so far — amber is a resin; but it is a fossil resin, The places most rich in amber are the borders of the .Baltic Sea, between Dantzic and Memel -;- it is found also in Denmark, in Norway and Sweden, in Poland, France, and England, and in different parts of Asia and America. Wherever amber is found it is associated with lignites. It is nearly certain that the resinous trees which produced...

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