The American Indian and the End of the Confederacy, 1863-1866

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U of Nebraska Press, 1925 - History - 419 pages
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Late in April 1861, President Lincoln ordered Federal troops to evacuate forts in Indian Territory. That left the Five Civilized Tribes?Cherokees, Chickasaws, Choctaws, Creeks, and Seminoles?essentially under Confederate jurisdiction and control. The American Indian and the End of the Confederacy, 1863?1866, spans the closing years of the Civil War, when Southern fortunes were waning, and the immediate postwar period. Annie Heloise Abel shows the extreme vulnerability of the Indians caught between two warring sides. "The failure of the United States government to afford to the southern Indians the protection solemnly guaranteed by treaty stipulations had been the great cause of their entering into an alliance with The Confederacy, "she writes. Her classic book, originally published in 1925 as the third volume of The Slaveholding Indians, makes clear how the Indians became the victims of uprootedness and privation, pillaging, government mismanagement, and, finally, a deceptive treaty for reconstruction.
 

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Contents

INTRODUCTION TO THE BISON BOOK EDITION
1
PREFACE
9
THE RETURN OF THE REFUGEES
35
CATTLEDRIVING IN THE INDIAN COUNTRY
73
THE MUSTER OUT OF THE INDIAN HOME GUARDS
99
THE SURRENDER OF THE SECESSIONIST INDIANS
127
THE PEACE COUNCIL AT FORT SMITH SEPTEMBER
173
THE HARLAN BILL
219
THE FREEDMEN OF INDIAN TERRITORY
269
THE EARLIER OF THE RECONSTRUCTION TREATIES
301
NEGOTIATIONS WITH THE CHEROKEES
345
SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY
365
INDEX
379
Copyright

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About the author (1925)

Annie Heloise Abel (1873?1947) was a historical editor and writer of books dealing mainly with the trans-Mississippi West. The other two volumes of her trilogy, The American Indian as Slaveholder and Secessionist (1915) and The American Indian in the Civil War, 1862?1865 (1919), have also been reprinted as Bison Books. Theda Perdue and Michael D. Green, professors of history at the University of Kentucky, have provided an introduction.

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