Clarify, an On-line Guide for Revising Technical Prose
This Note describes the development and testing of CLARIFY, a computerized writing aid designed at The Rand Corporation to assist writers in revising technical prose. CLARIFY is not a traditional readability formula; its design reflects research on how English speakers go about the task of understanding sentences. CLARIFY flags sentences that have certain patterns of nominalizations, prepositional phrases, and forms of the verb to be. The choice of these features reflects research which suggests that the dominant strategy employed by English speakers in interpreting sentences is the assumption of a subject-verb-object (SVO) structure. The features that CLARIFY flags are good surrogate indicators that a sentence does not have an SVO structure, and therefore that the initial interpretive strategy will be unsuccessful. In developing CLARIFY, we tested various patterns of these features and obtained user comments about the system's usefulness and effectiveness. Like all computerized writing aids, CLARIFY has limitations. The most important are (1) it functions only at the sentence level, and (2) it uses surrogate rather than directly causal measures of comprehension. Despite these limitations, the test users found that CLARIFY prompted them to revise more extensively, more quickly, and more effectively. Authors can work with CLARIFY output either on-line or in hard copy. CLARIFY is in general use at The Rand Corporation, where it is also continuing to be tested. (Author).
1 page matching calico cat in this book
Results 1-1 of 1
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
RATIONALE AND DESIGN SPECIFICATIONS
USING THE CLARIFY SYSTEM
2 other sections not shown
Aaronson asked assessment audiences authors Bell Laboratories calico cat causal measures Charrow CLARIFY program CLARIFY system cognitive Cognitive Psychology complexity component composing styles compound sentences comprehension computer file Davison described developed editors effectiveness efficient English speakers EPISTLE example flagged file Flesch forms guide revision hard copy Help files identified initial interpreting sentences Klare level P>of lexical lexical analyzer linguistic MacWhinney main verb mapping strategies measures of text N>performance nominalizations noun output passive passive voice patterns performance prepositional phrases printout pron prototype Rand Corporation Rand documents readers reading revised the sentences revising sentences revision guide scores semantic sent sentence length sentence level sentence processing spares investment level specific structure studies STYLE program suggests summary statistics tagged test group Test Lessons test users testing of CLARIFY text difficulty text revision topic-agent traditional readability formulas UNIX usage usually V>is variables verb version of CLARIFY word order Writer's Workbench writing ability