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An Introduction to English Economic History and Theory: Part 1. the Middle Ages
William James Ashley
No preview available - 1999
An Introduction to English Economic History and Theory
Sir W. J. (William James) Ashley
No preview available - 2012
acres agricultural Aquinas artisans assize bailiff Boldon Book bordarii bound bread burgesses Canon Law canons Chartulary cloth coinage coins common Conquest corn cotters court Court Baron Court Leet craft gilds craftsmen cultivation currency custom demesne dimidii Domesday domini duties early economic Edward Engl England English Eoman law especially estates foreign merchants fourteenth century free tenants free tenure gain half virgates Hanse Henry Hist holders holding Ibstone important Introd Jews king labour land later Liber Niger London lord lord's mayor mediaeval merchant gild money payments moneyers municipal authorities Niger Norman Conquest oxen Paul's PauVs penny ploughs precariae probably prohibition quod Ralph de Diceto Realm reeve regarded regulations reign rent Seebohm sell socmen sold statute terrae thirteenth century town trade unum usually usury village villani villeins villenage virgates W. J. Ashley wares weavers week-work whioh Winchester wine Wore
Page 228 - DAY USE RETURN TO DESK FROM WHICH BORROWED GRADUATE SOCIAL SCIENCE LIBRARY STEPHENS HALL TEL. NO. 642-0370 This publication is due on the LAST DATE and HOUR stamped below. RB 17A-15m-3,'69 (J7295slO)4188 — A-32 General Library University of California Berkeley r'1 '"'•' \0 L \J ^i" AUG Q3 1995 RECEIVED MAY 3 1 1995 CIRCULATION DEPT.
Page ii - Crown 8vo., 1s. firf. net. THE ADJUSTMENT OF WAGES; a Study on the Coal and Iron Industries of Great Britain and the United States. With 4 Maps. 8vo., 121.
Page 152 - If thou lend money to any of my people that is poor by thee, thou shalt not be to him as an usurer, neither shalt thou lay upon him usury.
Page 153 - To take usury for a loan of money is in itself unjust : for it is to sell what does not exist, which is an inequality, and therefore an injustice. To understand this, it must be known that there are some things whose use consists in the consuming of them, as when we consume wine by drinking it, or corn by eating it. In articles of this kind, therefore, the use of the thing must not be reckoned separately from the thing itself ; he who is given the use is thereby given the thing. And accordingly in...
Page 126 - We cannot wonder that, with such lessons before them, a salutary reaction from the self-seeking of the pagan world should have led the early Christian Fathers to totally condemn the pursuit of gain. It took them further — to the denial to the individual of the right to do what he liked with his own, even to enjoy in luxury the wealth he possessed. " What injustice is there in my diligently preserving my own, so long as I do not invade the property of another?
Page 62 - Quern, a sort of portable mill, made of two stones about two feet broad, thin at the edges, and a little thicker in the middle. In the centre of the upper stone is a hole to pour in the corn, and a peg by way of handle. The whole is placed on a cloth ; the grinder pours the corn into the hole with one hand, and with the other turns round the upper stone with a very rapid motion, while the meal runs out at the sides on the cloth.
Page 212 - ... hindered, with a view to his advantage, from making such bargain, in the way of obtaining money, as he thinks fit: nor, (what is a necessary consequence) anybody hindered from supplying him, upon any terms he thinks proper to accede to. This proposition, were it to be received, would level, you see, at one stroke, all the barriers which law, either statute or common, have in their united wisdom set up, either against the crying sin of Usury...
Page xii - ... laws" of rent, wages, profits ; and that what they must attempt to discover are the laws of social development — that is to say, generalizations as to the stages through which the economic life of society has actually moved. They believe that knowledge like this will not only give them an insight into the past, but will enable them the better to understand the difficulties of the present.
Page 127 - God is unjust, in not distributing to us the means of life equally, so that thou shouldst have abundance while others are in want ? Or is it not rather that He wished to confer upon thee marks of His kindness, while He crowned thy fellow with the virtue of patience. Thou, then, who hast received the gift of God, thinkest thou...