Questions of Form: Logic and the Analytic Proposition from Kant to Carnap

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U of Minnesota Press, 1989 - Philosophy - 302 pages

Questions of Form was first published in 1989. Minnesota Archive Editions uses digital technology to make long-unavailable books once again accessible, and are published unaltered from the original University of Minnesota Press editions.

In Questions on Form, Joelle Proust traces the concept of the analytic proposition from Kant's development of the notion down to its place in the work of Rudolf Carnap, a founder of logical empiricism and a key figure in contemporary analytic philosophy. Using a method known in France as topique comparative,she provides a rigorous exposition of analyticity, situating it within four major philosophical systems—those of Kant, Bolzano, Frege, and Carnap—and clearly delineating its development from one system to the next.

Proust takes as her point of departure Kant's distinction between analytic and synthetic judgments. Though she makes clear that Kant drew on Locke, Hume, and Leibniz, she argues that his notion of analyticity was innovative, not simply an elaboration of something already found in their work. She shows that the analytic proposition unexpectedly (given its modest status in Kant) came to play an important part in efforts to convert problems considered "transcendental" into questions of belonging to formal logic.

Ultimately, her comparison of their systems reveals that the concept of the analytic, however specific its rile in each, remains linked to a foundationalist strategy—in effect, to the transcendentalist questions Kant used when he reinterpreted the findings of his empiricist predecessors. Hence, this book's provocative claim: today's so-called logical empiricism owes much more to Kant's notion of science than to Hume's.

 

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Contents

Lockes Indication
3
Humes Error
15
Character and Analyticity
27
Definition and Analyticity in Kant
40
Criticism of the Traditional Definition
51
Proposition Truth and Validity
64
Bolzanos Theory of the Analytic Proposition
77
Epistemology of Analyticity
89
How the Definition Becomes Analytic
122
Objectual Identity and Analyticity of the System
134
Analyticity in Germ
147
From One Venture to Another
167
The Procedure of Quasi Analysis
185
The New Foundational Project
203
Conventionality Tolerance and Universal Syntax
222
Notes
263

Analyticity and the Rhetoric of Science
98
Analyticity and the Language of the System
111

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About the author (1989)

Joelle Proust presently works at the Institut Jean-Nicod as director of research.

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