The Red Land: The Illustrated Archaeology of Egypt's Eastern Desert
American Univ in Cairo Press, 2008 - Travel - 424 pages
For thousands of years Egypt has crowded the Nile Valley and Delta. The Eastern Desert, however, has also played a crucial-though until now little understood-role in Egyptian history. Ancient inhabitants of the Nile Valley feared the desert, which they referred to as the Red Land, and were reluctant to venture there, yet they exploited the extensive mineral wealth of this region. They also profited from the valuable wares conveyed across the desert between the Nile and the Red Sea ports, which originated from Arabia, Africa, India, and elsewhere in the east.
Based on twenty years of archaeological fieldwork conducted in the Eastern Desert, The Red Land reveals the cultural and historical richness of this little known and seldom visited area of Egypt. A range of important archaeological sites dating from Prehistoric to Byzantine times is explored here in text and illustrations. Among these ancient treasures are petroglyphs, cemeteries, fortified wells, gold and emerald mines, hard stone quarries, roads, forts, ports, and temples. With 250 photographs and fascinating artistic reconstructions based on the evidence on the ground, along with the latest research and accounts from ancient sources and modern travelers, the authors lead the reader into the remotest corners of the hauntingly beautiful Eastern Desert to discover the full story of the area's human history.
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Geography Climate and People
A Roman Imperial Road and the Northern Part
How the Stone
The Joys and Sorrows of the Desert Survey
The Temples and Shrines of the Eastern Desert
Other Ptolemaic Red Sea Ports
Burying the Dead in the Eastern Desert
Living in the Desert
The Maaza Ababda and Bisharin Bedouin
Emerald and Amethyst Mines
Water The Desert Elixir
The Roads from Berenike to the Nile
The Southernmost Sites
Suggestions for Further Reading
Gold Mines in the Eastern Desert
Other editions - View all
Ababda Abu Sha'r al-Qadim amethyst ancient animals Antinoopolis Apollonopolis Magna archaeological Bedouin beryl/emerald mining Bisharin Blemmyes building camels carved centimeters century BC Chapter Christian CNWS Coptos Dynasty early Roman Eastern Desert Egypt Egyptian Red Sea emerald mines Excavations at Berenike forts gold mining Greek Howeitat Hurghada Hydreuma Indian inscription kilometers king late Roman located Ma'aza meters Middle Kingdom mining settlement Mons Claudianus Mons Porphyrites Myos Hormos Nabataeans Nile Valley Nova Hadriana Nubia Nugrus ostraca pharaonic pottery praesidia praesidium Predynastic preserved Ptolemaic and Roman Ramesses Ramesses II Red Sea Red Sea coast Red Sea ports region reign remains road rock-cut temple Roman period Roman-era route S.E. Sidebotham Serapis Serapis temple Shenshef Sidebotham and W.Z. Sikait Siket southern stone structures survey survive tombs trade travelers W.Z. Wendrich Wadi al-Hudi Wadi Allaqi Wadi Hammamat Wadi Kalalat Wadi Sikait Wadi Umm walls