The French Paracelsians: The Chemical Challenge to Medical and Scientific Tradition in Early Modern France
The far-reaching debates arising from the development of chemistry and its application to medicine during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries are the subjects of this book. Shortly after the medical authority of Galen had been reestablished in the Renaissance, the Swiss-German firebrand, Paracelsus, proposed a new approach to natural philosophy and medicine utilizing chemistry. The resulting arguments between Paracelsians and Galenists lasted for more than a century and affected the medical establishments of every European country. In France, the confrontation was particularly bitter, with the Medical Faculty in Paris determined to block the introduction of chemistry to medicine in any field. The author discusses these issues not only with respect to pharmaceutical chemistry and the chemical cosmology of the Paracelsians, but also the development of chemical physiology and its struggle with the brand of medicine influenced by the mechanical philosophy of the seventeenth century. The academic acceptance of chemistry is revealed, and the triumph of the mechanists in the scientific academies is shown to have been only partial at best, because the learned journals of the early eighteenth century continued to review large numbers of books inspired by medical chemistry. This persistent interest in medical chemistry is shown to be significant to the Chemical Revolution and an aspect of the Scientific Revolution that deserves recognition by historians.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Hermeticism and natural magic
Educational reform and the growth
The chemical philosophy and the new philosophy
Medical chemistry and Paracelsism in the 1630s
Guy de la Brosse and the Jardin des Plantes
The triumph of antimony
Chemical continuity and the new philosophy
The eighteenthcentury French Paracelso
The persistence of alchemy
The alchemical tradition
Académie alchemists alchemy Amsterdam ancient antimony argued Aristotelian Aristotle Arnald of Villanova blood body Boerhaave Bureau d'Adresse Chambon chem chemical medicine chemical philosophy chemical physicians chemical preparations chemistry chemists Chymie cure Dariot Davisson debate Debus Descartes discussed diseases distillation Duchesne English earth edition eighteenth century elements fermentation Fèvre France François French Galen Galenists Gohory gold Grévin Gui Patin Guinter Helmont Hermann Boerhaave Hermeticism Hippocrates iatrochemistry Ibid interest Jacques Jacques Grévin Jean Jean Riolan Johann Joseph Duchesne Journal des Scavans L'Académie Royale Latin Launay Lemery Libavius Library macrocosm Mayerne mechanical philosophy mechanists medi mercury Mersenne metals mineral Montpellier mystical natural philosophy Oriatrike Ortus Paracelsian Paracelsus Paris Parisian Medical Faculty Pierre Pilpoul published Renaudot Riolan salt secrets sect seventeenth century Sieur sought spirit Stahl substances sulfur Sylvius texts Théophraste Renaudot theory Thomas Erastus three principles tion traditional translation transmutation true University Vieussens Waesberge wrote