North American Botany: Comprising the Native and Common Cultivated Plants, North of Mexico. Genera Arranged According to the Artificial and Natural Methods

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E. Gates, 1840 - Botany - 625 pages
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Page 4 - Cyme resembles an umbel in having its common stalks all spring from one centre, but differs in having those stalks irregularly subdivided; as, the Snow-ball and Elder.
Page 478 - ... 4-sided, shorter than the leaves; bracts subulate, minute; divisions of the calyx lanceolate; petals all very entire, veinless; upper one naked, glabrous lateral ones bearded, and with the upper one, marked with a few blue lines; lower ones often becoming reddish outside; spur short, gibbose, acutish ; stigma pubescent, scarcely beaked.
Page 533 - The stamens follow the same laws of successive developement as leaves ; and, consequently, if their arrangement be normal, they will be either equal in number to the petals, and alternate with them, or, if more numerous, some regular multiple of the petals.
Page 553 - Mucedo ; in some of these the joints disarticulate, and appear to be capable of reproduction ; in others spornles collect in the terminal joints, and are finally dispersed by the rupture of the cellule that contained them. In a higher state of composition, Fungi are masses of cellular tissue of a determinate figure, the whole centre of which consists of sporules either lying naked among filaments, as in the Puff-balls, or contained in membranous tubes or sporidia, like the thecse of Lichens, as in...
Page 73 - Calyx closed, furrowed at base, shorter than the claws of the petals ; petals bent obliquely, linear - or obovate ; silique 4-sided, 2-edged or subterete ; seeds not margined ; stigmas forked, with the apices converging.
Page 73 - Gaudichaud found it in the Falkland Islands, and De la Pylaie in Newfoundland, while between these two points it has only been detected in the pine-barrens of New- Jersey.* . LEAVENWORTHIA.t CALYX somewhat erect, equal at the base.- PETALS equal,, cuneiform, truncate or emarginate. FILAMENTS distinct,, toothless. SILIQUE sessile, oblong-linear, compressed, somewhat inflated and torulose ; valves indistinctly nerved. STYLE distinct, or almost wanting. STIGMA minutely...
Page 607 - Quincuncial; when the pieces are five in number, of which two are exterior, two interior, and the fifth covers the interior with one margin, and has its other margin covered by the exterior, as in Rosa.
Page 184 - Q.) somewhat glabrous: leaves linear, in many pairs, the glands on the petioles sub-pedicelled: two of the petals spotted: legumes pubescent. A most elegant plant. 8— 16 i. Dry sand, &c.
Page 553 - Lichens ; the other, separated into plates or cells, and called the hymenium, to whose component cells, which form a stratum resembling the pile of velvet, the spores are attached by means of little processes, and generally in fours, though occasionally the number is either less or greater.
Page 70 - OROBAN"CHE. Corolla ringent, capsule ovate, acute, 1-celled; seeds numerous; a gland beneath the base of the germ. EPIPH"EGUS. Polygamous ; calyx abbreviated, 5-toothed ; corolla of the barren flowers ringent, compressed, 4-cleft ; lower lip flat ; of the fertile flowers minute, 4-toothed, caducous ; capsule truncate, oblique, 1-celled, imperfectly 2valved, opening on one side.

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