Laser Chemistry: Spectroscopy, Dynamics and Applications

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John Wiley & Sons, Apr 30, 2007 - Science - 516 pages
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Laser Chemistry: Spectroscopy, Dynamics and Applications provides a basic introduction to the subject, written for students and other novices. It assumes little in the way of prior knowledge, and carefully guides the reader through the important theory and concepts whilst introducing key techniques and applications.
 

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Contents

About the authors
xiii
1 Introduction
1
PART 1 PRINCIPLES OF LASERS AND LASER SYSTEMS
15
PART 2 SPECTROSCOPIC TECHNIQUES IN LASER CHEMISTRY
77
PART 3 OPTICS AND MEASUREMENT CONCEPTS
143
PART 4 LASER STUDIES OF PHOTODISSOCIATION PHOTOIONIZATION AND UNIMOLECULAR PROCESSES
219
PART 5 LASER STUDIES OF BIMOLECULAR REACTIONS
265
PART 6 LASER STUDIES OF CLUSTER AND SURFACE REACTIONS
323
PART 7 SELECTED APPLICATIONS
391
References
471
Appendix
485
Index
487
Copyright

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About the author (2007)

Helmut H. Telle received BSc, MSc and PhD degrees in physicsfrom the University of Koln (Germany), in 1972, 1974 and 1979respectively. Between 1980 and 1984 he spent research periods atthe Department of Chemistry, University of Toronto (Canada), theCentre d' Etude Nucleaire de Saclay (France) and the Laboratoiredes Interactions Ioniques, University of Marseille (France), Wherehe was mainly engaged in research on molecular reaction dynamicsexploiting laser spectroscopic techniques. Since 1984 he has beenProfessor for Laser Physics in the Department of Physics, SwanseaUniversity (Wales, UK), where he has pursued research anddevelopment of laser systems and spectroscopic techniques for tracedetection of atomic and molecular species, applied to analyticalproblems in industry, biomedicine and the environment. Hisexpertise includes the techniques of laser-induced breakdownspectroscopy (LIBS), tuneable diode laser absorption spectroscopy(TDLAS), resonant ionization mass spectrometry (RIMS) and Raman andNear-field scanning optical microscopy (NSOM). More recently, hehas once again returned to his roots associated with fundamentalaspects in atomic and molecular physics, ranging from precisionspectroscopy of exotic species, like positronium and anti-hydrogen,to probing of reactions at surfaces utilizing ultra-short laserpulses. He has held visiting appointments at the Centro deInvestigacion en Optica, Leon (Mexico), the Universidad Complutensede Madrid (Spain) and at the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven(Belgium).

Angel Gonzalez Urena obtained a chemistry degree from theUniversity of Granada (Spain) in 1968, followed by a PhD inPhysical Chemistry from the Complutense University (Madrid, Spain)in 1972. During the period 1972-1974 he worked in the fields ofmolecular beam and reaction dynamics at the Universities of Madison(Wisconsin, USA) and Austin (Texas, USA), and in later years atuniversities in the UK. He became Associate Professor in ChemicalPhysics in 1974 and Full Professor in 1983, both at theCompleteness University of Madrid. His research interests focusmainly on gas-phase, cluster and surface reaction dynamics, usingmolecular beam and laser techniques. He was one ofthe pioneers in measuring threshold energies in chemicalreactivity when changing the translational and electronic energy ofthe reactants, as well as in the measurements of high-resolutionspectroscopy in intra-cluster reactions. More recently, hisinterests have branched out into the application of lasertechnologies to Analytical Chemistry, Environmental Chemistry,Biology and Food Science. he is the head of the Department ofMolecular Beams and Lasers at the Institution Pluridisciplinar(Complutense University, Madrid); for the first 10 years of theinstitute's existence he also was its first director. He has heldvisiting appointments at Cambridge University (UK), at theuniversite de Paris Sud (France) and at the Academia Sinica, TaiwanNational University (Taipei, Taiwan).

Robert J. Donovan Graduated (BSc Hons) from theUniversity of Wales in 1962. Following a year in industry, withProcter and Gamble appointed a Research Fellow of Gonville andCaius College (Cambridge) in 1966, and in 1970 he moved to theDepartment of Chemsitry at the University of Edinburgh. In 1979 hewas appointed Professor of Physical Chemistry, and in 1986 he wasappointed to the Foundation (1713) Chair of Chemistry at Edinburgh.His research interests lie in the fields of gas-phase energytransfer, photochemistry, reaction dynamics, spectroscopy andatmospheric chemistry. He was one of the pioneers of kineticspectroscopy in the vacuum ultraviolet and has contributedsubstantially to the use of lasers and synchrotron radiation forthe study of chemical and physical processes involvingelectronically excited states. His work in the field ofspectroscopy has involved extensive studies of Rydberg, ionic andcharge-transfer states, using optical-optical double resonance(OODR), resonance-enhanced multiphoto ionization (REMPI) and zerokinetic energy (ZEKE) photoelectron spectroscopy. In addition, hehas applied laser techniques to a number of analytical areas,including LIBS, matrix-assisted laser desorption and ionization(MALDI) and aerosol mass spectrometry (AMS). He has held visitingappointments at the Universities of Alberta (Canada), Gottingen(Germany), Canterbury (New Zealand), the Australian NationalUniversity at Canberra, the Tokyo Institute of Technology and theInstitute for Molecular Science (Okazaki, Japan).

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