Migration and Politics: Leadership and Legitimacy in Austria

Front Cover
Peter Lang, 2008 - Social Science - 274 pages
In recent decades population movements have increased, leading to the globalisation of migration. This has brought about an upsurge in national and international debates about migration and its effects. Differing discourses range from the rejection and exclusion of 'migrants' to an appreciation of cultural diversity. Austria, a former imperial power, and a member of the European Union since 1995, has experienced both traditional and more recent immigration waves. At the national level these have led to a range of party-political policies on migration, which may or may not be endorsed in local everyday settings.
Differing policies imply differing types of political governance. Max Weber's classical sociological theory identified three pure types of legitimate domination - legal-rational, traditional and charismatic. A fourth type, namely utopian/dystopian leadership, is identified in this book. Depending on the correspondence of migration discourses between the political elites and ordinary citizens, the specific types of governance are either wholly or partially legitimated.
This book focuses on official and unofficial discourses about migration in the context of varying degrees of legitimation of political governance by ordinary Austrian citizens. The study was conducted by way of grounded theory. It involves an analysis of party political manifestos and parliamentary debates of the Austrian political parties; and a regional case study using semi-structured interviews.
 

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Contents

Tables
11
Chapter
31
Tables
37
Chapter Three
99
Chapter Four
121
Use of codes by political parties
122
PartyPolitical Leadership Type Features
159
Discourse Codes Situated within
165
Regional Discourses in Upper Austria
167
Usage of Codes Categorised by Gender
171
Usage of Codes Categorized by Professional Background
177
The Ordinary Citizens and the National Elites
201
Chapter Seven
251
Bibliography
265
Copyright

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About the author (2008)

The Author: Petra Aigner is Austrian and holds a bachelor's degree in social science from the University of Birmingham, UK, as well as an M.Phil. and a Ph.D. from the Department of Sociology, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland. She is now a research associate in the Department of Sociology at Trinity College Dublin, Ireland, and a lecturer in the University of Linz, Austria.

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