Migration and Politics: Leadership and Legitimacy in Austria
In recent decades population movements have increased, leading to the globalisation of migration. This has brought about an upsurge in national and international debates about migration and its effects. Differing discourses range from the rejection and exclusion of 'migrants' to an appreciation of cultural diversity. Austria, a former imperial power, and a member of the European Union since 1995, has experienced both traditional and more recent immigration waves. At the national level these have led to a range of party-political policies on migration, which may or may not be endorsed in local everyday settings.
Differing policies imply differing types of political governance. Max Weber's classical sociological theory identified three pure types of legitimate domination - legal-rational, traditional and charismatic. A fourth type, namely utopian/dystopian leadership, is identified in this book. Depending on the correspondence of migration discourses between the political elites and ordinary citizens, the specific types of governance are either wholly or partially legitimated.
This book focuses on official and unofficial discourses about migration in the context of varying degrees of legitimation of political governance by ordinary Austrian citizens. The study was conducted by way of grounded theory. It involves an analysis of party political manifestos and parliamentary debates of the Austrian political parties; and a regional case study using semi-structured interviews.
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Use of codes by political parties
PartyPolitical Leadership Type Features
Discourse Codes Situated within
agendas argued assimilation Austrian identity Austrian political parties Austro-Marxism Austro-Marxist benefit Categorised cent Chapter charismatic domination charismatic leadership citizenship concept correspond cultural dystopian ethnic example exhibited Facultas-Verlag focus foreigners Freedom Party further German Green Party Haider hence Ibid identified immigration indicated integration interviewees Islamophobia labour market Lager mentality language leader leadership type legal-rational leadership legitimacy legitimated manifesto Max Weber migrants minorities need for immigration negative discourses Negative Expressions Neutral Expressions opinions organisational Osterreichische ÍVP OVP supporters pan-German Parliamentary Debate party's Pelinka perceived Perspectives Plasser political discourses political parties political-party Politik in Osterreich Popular Beliefs Regarding positive expressions Proporz Proporzsystem regional religion respondents schon Second Austrian Republic social socio-demographic background specific SPÍ SPO supporters sponging suggested support group thematic group theme theoretical code theory topic traditional elements types of domination understood Upper Austria urban Usage of Codes utopian Vienna welfare system working-class www.parlament.gv.at