The Kurdish National Movement: Its Origins and Development

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Syracuse University Press, Jun 19, 2006 - History - 440 pages
A seminal work in the field of Kurdish studies, Wadie Jwaideh’s pioneering research, published for the first time, presents a detailed analysis of the early phases of Kurdish nationalism and offers a framework within which to understand the movement’s later development. Following Wadie Jwaideh’s dissertation defense, his doctoral chairman took aside Jwaideh’s wife, Alice, and asked her to submit the work for publication without Wadie’s permission, believing that Wadie’s penchant for perfection would postpone its publication indefinitely. The thesis was never published during Jwaideh’s lifetime, but its fame spread by word of mouth, and many scholars have recognized its importance not only as a study of the earlier periods of Kurdish nationalism but also as a model for understanding its subsequent history. The work now stands as a classic, referenced by some of the most renowned scholars in the field. Its publication will permit it to reach a greater audience and to contribute more fully to the understanding and appreciation of this geopolitical and cultural movement. Jwaideh was born in the southern Iraqi city of Basra, into an Arabic-speaking Christian family that later moved to Baghdad. His intimate knowledge of the land and its people gave Jwaideh shrewd insight into Kurdish society and politics. Exploring the rich historical roots of the Kurdish national movement, he challenges the established view of the early Kurdish uprisings as isolated incidents triggered by economic hardship or political dissatisfaction. Instead he offers a new interpretation of the Kurds’ nationalist position, convincingly demonstrating the age and depth of their grievances. This complex and layered history of the Kurdish nationalist movement offers a valuable perspective from which to view the current conditions in Iraq. Jwaideh’s sensitive and prescient treatment of this region gives his study great contemporary relevance.
 

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Contents

Geographical Historical and Cultural Background
3
The Social Organization of the Kurds
27
The Suppression of the Semiautonomous Regimes
54
Shaykh Ubayd Allah of Nehri
75
The Impact of the Young Turk Revolution
102
Russias Kurdish Policy
115
The Situation of the Kurds in Turkey Persia and Syria
133
Disturbances in the Mosul and Arbil Divisions of Iraqi Kurdistan
147
Shaykh Mahmud and the Rise and Fall of
160
Shaykh Mahmuds Second Rebellion
185
The Kurdish Rebellions in Turkey
203
The Barzani Rebellion of 19311932
219
The Barzani Rebellion of Mulla Mustafa 19431945
230
The Kurdish Republic of Mahabad
243
The Kurds and the Kurdish Question after
267
Copyright

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About the author (2006)

Wadie Jwaideh founded and taught in the Department of Near Eastern Languages and Literatures at Indiana University.

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