Math for Nurses: A Pocket Guide to Dosage Calculation and Drug Preparation

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Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2009 - Medical - 368 pages
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Now in its Seventh Edition, this pocket guide is a compact, portable, easy-to-use reference for dosage calculation and drug administration. The author uses a step-by-step approach with frequent examples to illustrate problem-solving and practical applications. Coverage includes review of mathematics, measurement systems, and a comprehensive section on dosage calculations.

Practice problems throughout the text and end-of-chapter and end-of-unit review questions will aid students' application and recall of material. A handy pull-out card contains basic equivalents, conversion factors, and math formulas.

 

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Contents

Basic Mathematics Review and Refresher
1
Preassessment Test Mathematics Skills Review
3
Common Fractions
10
The Denominator of a Fraction
11
The Numerator of a Fraction
13
Concept of Size
14
Types of Fractions and Value
16
Equivalent or Equal Fractions
18
Packaging and Types of Syringes
168
Dosage Calculations for Medications in the Same System and the Same Unit of Measurement
171
Dosage Calculations for Medications in the Same System but Having Different Units of Measurement
174
Dosage Calculations for Medications in Different Systems
176
Penicillin
177
Intravenous Therapies
184
Electronic Infusion Devices
187
Intravenous Fluids
188

Simplifying or Reducing Fractions to Lowest Terms
20
Finding the Least Common Denominator LCD
22
Conversion
24
Addition of Fractions
27
Addition of Mixed Numbers
31
Subtraction of Fractions
32
Subtraction of Mixed Numbers
34
Multiplication of Fractions
38
Division of Fractions
40
Decimals
46
Comparing Decimal Values
50
Addition of Decimals
51
Subtraction of Decimals
53
Multiplication of Decimals
54
Multiplication by 10 100 or 1000
55
Division of Decimals
56
Division by 10 100 or 1000
58
Changing Fractions to Decimals
60
Changing Decimals to Fractions
62
Rounding Off Decimals
63
Percent Ratio and Proportion
66
Percents
67
Fractions and Percents
68
Decimals and Percents
72
Ratio and Proportion
75
Solving for x
78
End of Unit 1 Review
87
Measurement Systems
95
The Metric System
97
Common Rules for Metric Notations
98
Meter Length
99
Converting Within the System
100
Liter Volume
102
Gram Weight
103
The Apothecary System and Household Measurements
107
The Apothecary System
108
Household Measurements
110
Converting Within the Same System
115
Approximate Equivalents and System Conversions
120
Converting Between Systems
123
End of Unit 2 Review
127
Dosage Calculations
133
Medication Labels
136
Reading and Interpreting a Drug Label
137
Oral Dosage Calculations
147
Calculating Oral Dosages
148
Dosage Calculations for Medications in the Same System and the Same Unit of Measurement
152
Dosage Calculations for Medications in the Same System but With Different Units of Measurement
155
Dosage Calculations for Medications in Different Systems
157
Parenteral Dosage Calculations
167
Intravenous Flow Rate
189
Calculating Infusion Time
191
Calculating Milliliters Per Hour for Manual or Electronic Regulation
193
Calculating Milliliters Per Hour for Manual or Electronic Regulation When the Infusion is Less Than 1 Hour
194
Calculating Drops Per Minute
195
Constant Factors
200
Intravenous Therapies CriticalCare Applications
207
Calculating Drug Dosages and Flow Rates Using Either Ratio and Proportion or the Formula Method
208
Calculating Drug Dosages and Flow Rates Using Dimensional Analysis
213
Calculating Flow Rates and Drug Dosage Using Constant Factors
215
Insulin
223
Types of Insulin
224
Insulin Preparations
225
Insulin Syringes
227
Insulin Administration
228
Mixing Two Types of Insulin
229
Heparin Preparation and Dosage Calculations
237
Calculate Heparin for Subcutaneous Injection
239
Calculate Heparin for Intravenous Infusion
242
Calculate Milliliters per Hour
245
Calculate Units per Hour
247
Calculating WeightBased Heparin
248
Pediatric Dosage Calculations and Intravenous Therapy
255
Converting Weight in Pounds to Kilograms
257
Calculate Oral and Parenteral Dosages
258
Calculate Dosages Using Rule Based on Age
262
Calculate Pediatric Flow Rate
273
Calculate Intravenous Medication Dosages
274
Solutions
285
Preparing Injectable Medications Packaged as Powders
287
Preparing an Oral or Enteral Feeding
291
Preparing Topical and Irrigating Solutions
292
End of Unit 3 Review
294
Answers
303
Roman Numerals
329
Rounding Off Decimals
332
Abbreviations and Symbols for Drug Preparation and Administration
334
Intradermal Injections
338
Subcutaneous Injections
340
Intramuscular Injections
342
ZTrack Injections
344
Pediatric Intramuscular Injections
347
Nursing Concerns for Pediatric Drug Administration
349
Nursing Considerations for CriticalCare Drug Administration
351
Nursing Concerns for Geriatric Drug Administration
353
Needleless Intravenous System
356
Temperature Conversions Fahrenheit and Celsius Scales
358
Index
361
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