The WTO Agreement on Agriculture: A Commentary
The WTO Agreement on Agriculture subjected agriculture to a set of international rules for the first time in the history of international trade. Ever since its negotiation the Agreement has been at the forefront of the controversy surrounding the purpose and impact of the WTO itself. This commentary provides a full legal analysis of the obligations imposed by the agreement on WTO members, and of the complex history of the Agreement's negotiation and revision and the controversy surrounding its effect on international development. The commentary is structured around the three areas of reform initiated by the Agreement - market access, domestic support and export competition. The book provides an in-depth examination of the substantive provisions and the disputes that have arisen in each of these three areas. In addition the book situates these provisions against their background in pre-WTO regulation. It analyses the operation of the 'Peace clause' and assesses the impact of the clause's expiration. The commentary concludes by assessing the Agreement's accommodation of and impact on developing economies, and examining the process of reforming domestic farm subsidies, one of the dominant issues currently confronting the WTO.
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accordance action additional addressed agreed Agreement on Agriculture agricultural products allowed amount Annex Appellate Body apply approach argued argument Article 13 average base period basis calculation cent claimed Committee concerns concluded considered continued Contracting Decision developing countries differential treatment direct disciplines discussion domestic support duties effects elements elimination equivalent established examine exempt existing export credit export subsidies final findings flexibility food aid food security further GATT granted Group ibid implementation period import interpretation issue limited listed maintained market access meaning measures meeting Members modalities negotiations noted objective obligations opportunities Panel para paragraph paras particular Parties payments policies programmes proposal protection quantity question quotas reduction commitments reference reform respect result rules safeguard Schedule special and differential specific Subsidies Agreement tariff trade