Micronutrients Intake and Status during Pregnancy and Lactation

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Louise Brough, Gail Rees
MDPI, Apr 29, 2019 - Medical - 152 pages

Optimal nutrition is important during pregnancy and lactation for the health of both the mother and infant. Chronic deficiencies of both macronutrients and micronutrients are well established in developing countries. Although in developed countries overconsumption of macronutrients is a major issue, micronutrient deficiencies which occur concomitantly are no less of a concern. Furthermore in developed countries there is also the risk of excessive micronutrient intake from dietary supplements. Micronutrients have a role in fetal and neonatal health and also health in later life. Micronutrient deficiency or toxicity during pregnancy or early life can permanently affect developing tissues, resulting in adverse growth and development of the infant which is associated with chronic diseases in adulthood. An aberrant micronutrient intake during pregnancy or lactation can also have detrimental effect on the mother both in the neonatal period and in later life. 


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About the author (2019)

Louise Brough is a Senior Lecturer in Human Nutrition at Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand. Her main research interest is micronutrient deficiency in pregnancy, lactation, and early life. She is currently focused on iodine, selenium, folate, and iron deficiency, both in developed and developing countries. She has research experience in the UK and New Zealand, and has collaborated on research endeavours focused in Africa. Dr Brough is currently a co-leader of the Massey Mother and Baby Nutrition Research Group.

Gail Rees, PhD, is an Associate Professor in Human Nutrition at the University of Plymouth, UK. She is a registered nutritionist and dietitian. She has worked as a dietitian at the NHS for several years before taking a postdoctoral position at London Metropolitan University to work on a maternal micronutrient supplementation study in East London. A/Prof Rees currently teaches undergraduate and postgraduate nutritionists and dietitians, and leads the BSc (Hons) Nutrition Exercise and Health programme. Her research interests are in the field of maternal and child nutrition, and current research projects focus on obesity in pregnancy. She is also involved in the analysis of dietary data throughout childhood from the EarlyBird cohort study in Plymouth. 

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