The Capacitor Handbook
Cletus J. Kaiser
Springer Science & Business Media, Dec 6, 2012 - Science - 126 pages
A long and varied experience in many areas of electronic circuit design has convinced me that capacitors are the most misunderstood and misused electronic component. This book provides practical guidance in the understanding, construction, use, and application of capacitors. Theory, combined with circuit application advice, will help to under stand what goes on in each component and in the final design. All chapters are arranged with the theory of the dielectric type discussed first, followed by circuit application information. With all chapters arranged in the same manner, this will make reading and using this book for reference easier. A practical glossary of terms used in the capacitor industry is included. The first chapter covers basic information that applies to all types of capacitors. Each following chapter addresses a different capacitor dielectric. This book could have been titled: 'Everything You Wanted To Know About Capacitors, But Were Afraid To Ask .. .' ix Preface THE CAPACITOR HANDBOOK Chapter 1 Fundamentals For All Capacitors For all practical purposes, consider only the parallel plate capacitor as illustrated in Fig. 1.1-two conductors or electrodes separated by a dielectric material of uniform thickness. The conductors can be any material that will conduct electricity easily. The dielectric must be a poor conductor-an insulator. Conductor (Electrode) Dielectric ,;~;...--~ Conductor (Electrode) 1..-----Wire to Outside World Fig. 1.1 The Parallel-Plate Capacitor Fig. 1.2 illustrates the symbol for a capacitor used in schematic diagrams of electronic circuits. The symbol resembles a parallel-plate model.
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Plastic Film Capacitors
Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors
Bibliography T 09
Appendix B Equations and Symbol Definitions
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alternating current aluminum electrolytic capacitors anode applied voltage battery bypass capacitance change capacitance values capacitive reactance capacitors are designed cathode cause ceramic capacitors ceramic dielectric characteristics charged components conductors connected Curie Point current flow DC applications decrease derated devices dielectric absorption dielectric constant dielectric material dielectric strength direct current dissipation factor effect electrical electrodes equipment Equivalent Series Resistance etch farads filter Glass capacitors heat hermetically sealed high insulation resistance higher impedance impregnant increase inductance inductor industrial layer leakage current low voltage Manufacturers maximum metal MnO2 Non-polarized Ohms operating temperature oxide film pellet plastic film plate polycarbonate polyethylene terephthalate power factor power supplies rated voltage ratio reliability resistor result reverse voltage ripple current series resistance shown in Fig sintered soldering Solid tantalum capacitors space specific stability suitable switch tank tantalum pentoxide Temperature coefficient temperature range terminal thermal Tolerance types of capacitors units Voltage rating wet-slug capacitors zero