Investigations in the Military and Anthropological Statistics of American Soldiers, Volume 2

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U.S. sanitary commission, 1869 - Anthropometry - 655 pages
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Page 120 - Villerme that the stature is greater, and the growth sooner completed, all other things being equal, in proportion as the country is richer, and the comfort of its inhabitants more general...
Page 126 - ... that local influences of some kind act directly on stature; and we further learn that "the State where the physical growth has in great measure taken place, and the State of birth, which indicates the ancestry, seem to exert a marked influence on the stature.
Page 22 - ... instead of limiting the credit to the actual number of persons who entered the service anew; and hence to determine the number of men actually entering the service for the first time under the different calls, the number credited should be reduced in the same ratio that the enlistments of the same person have been repeated. The extent of this reduction cannot be calculated at this time, or even estimated with sufficient accuracy to be useful.
Page 207 - The cases where the hair was black or dark number 16 per cent. in the former and 75 per cent. in the latter...
Page 167 - September, 1861, was twenty years old, eighty and one-half inches tall (204.5 centimeters), by occupation a farmer, with hazel eyes, light hair, and light complexion. He was a notorious skulker, was never with the regiment in a single battle, and deserted in August, 1862. He was known in the regiment as the "United States Ramrod.
Page 319 - The curious and important fact that the mulattoes, or men of mixed race, occupy so frequently in the scale of progression a place outside of, rather than intermediate between, those races from the combination of which they have sprung, cannot fail to attract attention.
Page 543 - Persons who cannot distinguish ripe cherries upon the tree, or strawberries on the vine, by their color, are far more numerous than would be suspected by those who have given no attention to the subject ; and unless some grotesque incongruity in costume, or some remarkably inaccurate description of the color of a well-known object, compels our notice, we remain unaware of the imperfection. Serious misunderstandings or calamities have been reported in the army, resulting from mistakes in the color...
Page 319 - As regards the breadth of pelvis, the red men come first,, then the whites, mulattoes, and blacks in order ; and the same holds true for the circumference of the hips, excepting that here also the mulattoes follow the pure negroes. " The most marked characteristics of the races here manifested appear to be — for the whites, the length of head and neck and the short forearms ; for the reds the long forearms, and the large lateral dimensions, excepting at the shoulders ; for the blacks, the wide...
Page 29 - Desertions. * It appears beyond dispute that the crime of desertion is especially characteristic of troops from large cities and of the districts which they supply with recruits. The ratio per thousand of desertions to credits throughout the loyal States is 62.51. In the State of New York it rises to 89.06, and in the small States near New York City it is still higher.
Page 267 - In the later series this dimension was measured from the tip of the acromion to the tip of the middle finger, and we have the mean values.

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