Ecological Integrity: Integrating Environment, Conservation, and Health

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Island Press, Nov 1, 2000 - Health & Fitness - 428 pages
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Global Integrity Project has brought together leading scientists and thinkers from around the world to examine the combined problems of threatened and unequal human well-being, degradation of the ecosphere, and unsustainable economies. Based on the proposition that healthy, functioning ecosystems are a necessary prerequisite for both economic security and social justice, the project is built around the concept of ecological integrity and its practical implications for policy and management.Ecological Integrity presents a synthesis and findings of the project. Contributors -- including Robert Goodland, James Karr, Orie Loucks, Jack Manno, William Rees, Mark Sagoff, Robert Ulanowicz, Philippe Crabbe, Laura Westra, David Pimentel, Reed Noss, and others -- examine the key elements of ecological integrity and consider what happens when integrity is lost or compromised. The book: examines historical and philosophical foundations of the concept of ecological integrity explores how integrity can be measured examines the relationships among ecological integrity, human health, and food production looks at economic and ethical issues that need to be considered in protecting ecological integrity offers concrete recommendations for reversing ecological degradation while promoting social and economic justice and welfare .Contributors argue that there is an urgent need for rapid and fundamental change in the ecologically destructive patterns of collective human behavior if society is to survive and thrive in coming decades.Ecological Integrity is a groundbreaking book that integrates environmental science, economics, law, and ethics in problem analysis, synthesis, and solution, and is a vital contribution for anyone concerned with interactions between human and planetary health.
 

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Contents

Introduction
3
Ecological Integrity and the Aims of the Global Integrity Project
19
Historical and Philosophical Foundations
43
Ecological Integrity and the Darwinian Paradigm
45
Ecosystem Design in Historical and Philosophical Context
61
Reconstructing Ecology
79
Toward the Measurement of Ecological Integrity
99
The Sustainability and Integrity of Natural Resource Systems
115
Human and Societal Health
241
Global Environmental Change in the Coming Century How Sustainable Are Recent Health Gains?
245
Epidemiologic Methods for Assessing the Health Impact of Diminishing Ecological Integrity
261
Institutionalized Environmental Violence and Human Rights
279
The Economics and Ethics of Achieving Global Ecological Integrity
295
The Cost of the Wild International Equity and the Losses from Environmental Conservation
301
A Complex Systems Approach to Urban Ecosystem Integrity The Benefit Side
317
A Biocentric Defense of Environmental Integrity
335

Environmental Sustainability and Integrity in the Agriculture Sector
121
Patch Disturbance Ecofootprints and Biological Integrity Revisiting the Limits to Growth or Why Industrial Society Is Inherently Unsustainable
139
Can Canadian Approaches to Sustainable Forest Management Maintain Ecological Integrity?
157
Pattern of Forest Integrity in the Eastern United States and Canada Measuring Loss and Recovery
177
Maintaining the Ecological Integrity of Landscapes and Ecoregions
191
Health Integrity and Biological Assessment The Importance of Measuring Whole Things
209
Global Change Fisheries and the Integrity of Marine Ecosystems The Future Has Already Begun
227
Commodity Potential An Approach to Understanding the Ecological Consequences of Markets
351
The State of the Planet at the FiveYear Review of Rio and the Prospects for Protecting Worldwide Ecological Integrity
369
Synthesis
383
Implementing Global Ecological Integrity A Synthesis
385
About the Contributors
407
Index
415
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About the author (2000)

David Pimentel is professor of ecology and agricultural science at Cornell University. Laura Westra is Barbara B. and Bertram J. Cohn Professor of Environmental Studies at Sarah Lawrence College in Bronxville, New York. Reed F. Noss is president and chief scientist for Conservation Science, Inc., president of the Society for Conservation Biology, and an international lecturer on biodiversity topics. He lives in Corvallis, Oregon.

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