Jaina Community: A Social Survey

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Popular Prakashan, 1980 - Social Science - 455 pages
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Contents

CHAPTER
1
RuralUrban Distribution of Jaina Population
16
Age Distribution of Jaina Population
22
Statement showing the number per 10000 of
30
population of the District 1971 Census
36
Statement showing the Mean Ages by Sex for
42
The Great Schism
49
Rise of Sections and SubSections
56
The Castes and SubCastes
300
Interrelations of Castes
302
Hierarchical Organisation of Castes
304
Caste Panchayatas
308
Jaina and Hindu Castes
309
Rules of Endogamy and Exogamy
310
Castes and Charitable Institutions
312
Choice of Occupation
314

Some Important Things about Jaina Castes
68
Jaina Castes in the North
81
6 Jaina Castes in the Deccan
92
Names of 84 castes in the Jaina Community
108
Names of castes in the Jaina Community from
117
Names of Digambara Jaina castes and subcastes
124
Names of gotras found among Agaravala Jainas
131
CHAPTER 4
137
The Object of Marriage
138
Normality of Marriage
141
Forms of Marriage
142
Qualifications of Parties to the Union
145
Age of Marriage
146
Choice of Partners
147
Marriage Preliminaries and Ceremonies
156
Consummation of Marriage
162
Polygyny
163
Dissolution of Wedlock
165
The Position of Woman
167
CHAPTER 5
190
Fundamental Principles of Jainism
191
Jaina Philosophy
192
The Theory of Karma
198
Moksha Marga or Way to Salvation
200
Jaina Ethics
204
Criticism of Jaina Ethics
217
Jaina Worship
225
Festivals and Fasts
233
Jaina Superstitions
239
Jaina Samskaras
243
Jaina Tirthakshetras or Places of Pilgrimage
253
Occupations and Professions
258
Food and Drink
259
Dress and Ornaments
261
Language and Literature
263
Jaina Institutions
265
CHAPTER 6
289
Names and Surnames
294
Occupations and Professions
295
Sects and Subsects
296
Sangha Gana Gachchha and Sakha
299
Religious Sanction to Castes
316
Institution of Bhattaraka
317
Origin of Castes
322
21 Jainas in Ascetic Stage
323
Religious Disabilities
324
Widow Remarriage
325
Polygyny
326
Number of Criminals
327
Castes and Temples
328
The Family Deity
329
Migration of Families
331
Distinguished Personalities in Families
332
Family Organisation
333
Intermarriages
335
Jaina Rites
337
Jaina Sarhskaras
338
Jaina Language
340
Sacred Thread
341
Jaina Priests
342
Jaina Fasts
343
Death Ceremonies
344
Religious Education
346
Worship of Hindu Deities
347
Problem of Widows
348
Jaina Culture
349
General
350
CHAPTER 7
357
The Historical Background
359
Achievements of Jainas
368
Reasons for Survival of Jainas
377
Causes of Decline of Jainism
385
Present Problems and the Way Out
388
CHAPTER 8
405
EPILOGUE
407
Copy of the Questionnaire issued
415
a Works in English Hindi Gujarati and Marathi
423
6 Works in Sanskrit and Prakrit
434
c Articles
435
d Journals
442
Index
445
Copyright

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