An Account of the Congo Independent State

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1889 - 18 pages
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Page 461 - ... Governments of the other Signatory Powers. This adhesion shall have the same force as if the delegates of Morocco had affixed their signatures to the General Act and will take the place of ratification by His Shereefian Majesty. In witness whereof, the delegates of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Belgium, Spain, the United States of America, France, Great Britain, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Russia, and Sweden have signed the present additional protocol and affixed their seals thereto. Done at...
Page 470 - The length of the line will be 436 kilometres, of which only the first twenty-six present any engineering difficulties, while the remainder of the line "will be laid under exceptionally easy circumstances." It will have a rail gauge of 75 centimetres, with steel rails weighing 23 kilos., steel sleepers at equal distances of 80 centimetres and weighing 23 kilos., the whole of the line weighing 75 tons per kilometre. The neighborhood through which the line is to pass abounds with ample materials for...
Page 466 - PM the evening twilight sets in, abruptly, without the intervening transitions usual in temperate regions. The climate of Congo is, in comparison with that of most tropical countries, remarkably cool and agreeable. In the hot season the thermometer is seldom more than from 80 to 86 (Fahrenheit) in the shade, and in the " encimbo,"or cool season, it usually ranges from 60 during the night to 75 during the day.
Page 463 - ... idols and adorned with shields and tatters. Additionally each negro carries about his neck or waist small objects of veneration, or talismans.* * According to a recent traveler, " A curiously-shaped idol, either female or fashioned like a priapus, can still be found at all cross-roads. It is generally a foot in height and stands on a round pedestal raised upon a pole a yard from the ground. In front a flat stone supports a basket, into which passing market people and all who have concluded a...
Page 463 - Europeans, their customs soon become modified, and it often happens that cannibalism disappears, without any intervention on the part of the whites, by mere force of contact. Barter is carried on with the natives, who are very skillful in trading being full of subterfuges, and lengthy negotiations are necessary to obtain from the merchants the greatest possible amount of value for the very least equivalent. Agriculture does not...
Page 471 - Steamers can go from Leopoldville almost to the Soudan, by the "OubangiOuelle." POLITICAL, JUDICIAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE ORGANIZATION. The King is the absolute monarch, ruling without any check to or division of his power. A decree of King Leopold, dated October 30, 1885, organized the Congo Independent State into three departments, viz.: Foreign Affairs (to which is entrusted that of Justice), Finance and the Interior.
Page 462 - The territory embraced within these limits comprises two millions of square kilometres, and is estimated to contain some twenty millions of inhabitants, or about ten to the square kilometre. The tribes dwelling within this region are independent aud are subject each to its own chief, to whom Europeans usually give the title of king, although his subjects may be but few in number. As a rule, the dwellers near the coast are of a peaceable disposition, but of course those more remote from contact with...
Page 470 - ... centimetres, with steel rails weighing 23 kilos, steel sleepers at equal distances of 80 centimetres, and weighing 23 kilos, the whole of the line weighing 75 tons per kilometre. The total length of the line will be 435 kilometres. The laying of the first 26 kilometres only will offer some important difficulties, while the remainder of the line will be laid under exceptionally easy circumstances, either in plains by straight lines, or along the hill sides by means of curves of great radius.
Page 468 - It has a good taste and an exquisite aroma. Pepper (called by the natives, pepe or pili-pili) is abundant ; its fruit is red : it is both large and small. Sugar Cane has only once been cultivated, and the experiments are not complete ; abandoned in one place, in 1886 plantations have been formed in another...
Page 460 - ... Association caused the indigenous populations to look with a friendly eye on the new scheme, and an uninterrupted chain of stations was created and maintained along the whole course of the river ; no violence, no usurpations, no disrespect of the rights of the native chiefs were permitted, none took place, and the result was the peaceable establishment of settlements whose future was assured.

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